A letter to the Christian congregation of Rome that was written (possibly in Aramaic) by Tertius for the Apostle Paul around 60-CE.

Chapter 1

1 Paul, a slave of Jesus the Anointed One, who is called an Apostle and who was set aside for the good news of God 2 that He promised through His Prophets in the Holy Scriptures, 3 which tell about His Son who came in the flesh from the seed of David 4 and who proved to be GodÕs Son in a powerful way when he (by [GodÕs] Holy Breath) was resurrected from the deadÉ yes, Jesus the Anointed One and our Lord, 5 through whom weÕve received loving care and a commission that we have obeyed so that the gentiles might also believe in his name 6 and be called, [that they too might] belong to the Anointed Jesus.

7 To all those in Rome who are loved by God and have a holy calling; May you have favor and peace from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus, the Anointed.

8 First, I thank my God for all of you through the Anointed Jesus, because your faith is being announced throughout the whole world. 9 For my God (who appointed me to use my breath in service to the good news about His Son) is my Witness that I never fail to mention you in my prayers. 10 I keep begging that I might find a way (as it is GodÕs Will) to come to you sometime; 11 for I long to see you so that I might be able to give you some spiritual gift that would make you unshakableÉ 12 or perhaps we could encourage each other through our faith (both yours and mine).

13 I donÕt want you to fail to recognize this, brothers: I planned to come to you many times, but IÕve been prevented from doing so until now so that I could find the same type of fruitage that I have in you among the rest of the gentiles 14 (the Greeks and the barbarians, the wise and the ignorantÉ all those to whom I am indebted). 15 Yet, IÕm still eager to preach the good news to you there in Rome also.

16 IÕm not ashamed of the good news, because itÕs the power that God uses to save everyone who has faithÉ first the Jews, and then the Greeks. 17 For GodÕs righteous ways are revealed in the faith of the faithful. Notice that it is written: ŌItÕs by their faith that the righteous will live.Õ

18 However, GodÕs rage is also being displayed from the heavens against all the ungodly and bad people who unrighteously try to resist the truth. 19 For everything that can be known about God already shines among them, because God made it shine among them! 20 Indeed, His invisible qualities can be seen in everything that HeÕs made since the creation of the cosmos. And when they understand these things that clearly demonstrate His eternal power and might, it leaves them without any excuses!

21 Yet, though they already know God, they donÕt glorify Him as God or thank Him. Therefore, their thoughts are wasted and their foolish hearts are darkened. 22 And while they claim to be wise, theyÕve become morons, 23 since theyÕve turned the glory of the incorruptible God into images of corruptible men, or flying creatures, or four-footed creatures, or of things that slither. 24 So God is allowing them the uncleanness that their hearts have desired so as to dishonor their bodies. 25 Yes, theyÕve exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and theyÕve started worshiping and serving things that were created rather than the One who created themÉ the One who is to be praised through the ages, may it be so.

26 So, this is why God has abandoned them to their dishonorable passions; for their females have changed the natural use of themselves into something thatÕs unnatural, 27 and the same is true of their malesÉ theyÕve left the natural use of females and started burning in their lust toward each other Š males with males Š doing what is indecent and receiving the reward that they deserve for such wrongdoing.

28 Yes, because they donÕt approve of coming to an accurate knowledge of The God, He has given them depraved minds, which make them do these wrong things. 29 So theyÕve become filled with unrighteousness, wickedness, greediness, badness, envy, murder, arguing, deceitfulness, rudeness, and gossip. 30 [They are] slanderers, God haters, insolent, proud, braggarts, inventors of badness, disobedient to parents, 31 without any understanding, agreement breakers, and without any natural love or mercy. 32 So though they know the righteous judgments of God very well (that those who do such things deserve death); they not only keep on doing them, but they also approve of others who do such things!

Chapter 2

1 So you are defenseless, O man, if youÕre someone who judges others; for when you judge others youÕre condemning yourselves, since youÕre doing the very same things that you judge [to be wrong in them]É 2 and we know that GodÕs judgment on those who do such things is righteous.

3 Therefore, when you judge those who do these things that youÕre also doing, do you think that you will somehow escape GodÕs judgmentÉ 4 or are you taking the loving care, patience, and tolerance that HeÕs shown toward you for granted? What you should understand is that these [fine] qualities of God are just trying to lead you to repentance!

5 But now, because of your hard and unrepentant hearts, youÕre storing away a treasure of rage upon yourselves in that day of fury when the righteous decisions of God will be seen, 6 and He pays everyone back for the things that theyÕve been doing.

7 Those who do good things are searching for age-long life, as well as glory, honor, and incorruption. 8 But for those who like to argue and disobey the truth by being unrighteous, thereÕll be just wrath, anger, 9 and some very hard times. Yes, this is what will come into the lives of all those who work at doing whatÕs bad (to the Jews first and then to the Greeks). 10 However, there will be glory, honor, and peace for all those who work at doing whatÕs good (for the Jews first and then for the Greeks), 11 because God makes no distinction between them.

12 Indeed, all those who are without the Law and who are sinning will perish without the Law, while those who are under the Law and who sin are condemned by the Law. 13 For God doesnÕt consider anyone righteous that just listens to the LawÉ only those who obey the Law will be found righteous.

14 However, when people of the nations who donÕt have the Law naturally obey things in the Law, they not only have the Law, they are the Law! 15 For when they are obeying the Laws, they show that itÕs written in their hearts and itÕs working with their consciences, which examine their thoughts. So, itÕs [their own hearts] that will either accuse them or defend them 16 in the Day that God judges the hidden things of men by this good news that IÕm preaching through the Anointed Jesus.

17 So if you are called a Jew and youÕre resting on the Law and taking pride in your God, 18 and if you understand His Will and all the excellent instructions of the Law, 19 and if you think that youÕre a guide to the blind and a light to those who are in darkness 20 (someone who can instruct the unreasonable and teach babies), and if you fully grasp all the knowledge and truth in the LawÉ 21 then do you, [the one] who is teaching others, also teach yourselves? Do you who preach Do not steal, steal? 22 Do you who teach Do not commit adultery, commit adultery? Do you who teach others to be disgusted with idols, rob temples? 23 Do you who teach others pride in [GodÕs] Laws, dishonor God by breaking the Law? 24 For it is written: ŌGodÕs Name is being blasphemed among the nations because of you people!Õ

25 Of course, circumcision is goodÉ that is, as long as youÕre obeying the Law. But if youÕre a person who breaks the Law, then your circumcision has really become uncircumcision. 26 However, if an uncircumcised person obeys the righteous requirements of the Law; WonÕt his uncircumcision be considered circumcision? 27 So if those who are uncircumcised naturally obey the Law (except for what it says about being circumcised), theyÕre really judging those of you who break the Law!

28 Therefore, being a Jew isnÕt something that can be seen; for [true] circumcision isnÕt something thatÕs visible in the flesh. 29 Rather, being a Jew is something thatÕs inside you, since circumcision comes from the spirit of the heart, not from something thatÕs writtenÉ itÕs not there to be praised by men, but by God!

Chapter 3

1 So in what way is a Jew superior, or of what benefit is circumcision? 2 ItÕs actually a huge benefit in every way! For God entrusted His word to the hands [of the circumcised]. 3 And if some [of them] donÕt believe; does their lack of faith prove that faith in God is worthless? 4 May that never happen! Rather, let God be proven true even if that makes every man a liar! As itÕs written:
ŌMay Your words prove to be righteous,
And may You overcome with Your judgements.Õ

5 However, if our unrighteousness [is exposed by] GodÕs righteousness; what can we say? Then God wonÕt be wrong when He brings His wrath, will He? So IÕm saying this to everyone: 6 May that never happen! Otherwise, how could God judge the world?

7 But if I should tell a lie and that makes the truth of God and His glory grow; then should I be judged a sinner? 8 Well, itÕs [because you are doing such things] that people arenÕt just slandering us, theyÕre proving that some of us are saying, ŌLetÕs do bad things so that good things can happen.Õ And this is why such a condemnation is so well deserved!

9 Is there anything that makes us [Jews] better than [gentiles]? No, not at all; for we have proven to you that both Jews and Greeks are sinners! 10 As it is written:

ŌNo one is righteousÉ not one!
11 For thereÕs no one who truly understands,
And no one is searching for God,
12 Since all have strayed and are useless.
And no one is kindÉ no not one!

13 ŌTheir throats are like open graves,
And with their tongues, they practice deceit,
For the poison of asps is under their lips.

14 ŌWith cursing and shouting, their mouths become filled,
15 And their feet are ready to go and spill blood.
16 In their swath, is misery and destruction,
17 And the road to peace, theyÕve not known;
18 For, in their eyes, thereÕs no fear of God.Õ

19 Now, we know that everything that was said in the Law was meant for just those who are under the LawÉ for it stopped every mouth and proved the whole world deserving of GodÕs punishment. 20 However, no flesh is going to be called righteous before Him by obeying the Law, because all the Law did was help us to understand what sin is. 21 Therefore, the absence of the Law is really revealing the righteousness of GodÉ the Law and the Prophets all testified to this!

22 So, this is why the righteousness of God is now coming to all those who believe and who are showing their faith in Jesus the Anointed One. And itÕs why there is no longer any difference between us, 23 since weÕve all sinned and fallen short of the glory of God.

24 Understand that being called righteous is just a gift that [God] kindly gives to us through the ransom that was paid by the Anointed Jesus. 25 For God sent him here as a sin offering so that when we have faith in his blood, the sins that we committed 26 back when God was just tolerating us can be forgiven. And this is what allows us to look into His righteous ways today. For He proves Himself righteous by calling [all] those who have faith in Jesus, righteous!

27 So, where is our reason for boasting? ItÕs gone! Does it come from obeying the Law? No, it comes through the Law of Faith, 28 since we believe that a man is called righteous because of his faith, not by the works of the Law!

29 [Do you think that God is] only the God of the Jews and that HeÕs not also [the God of] the gentiles? Yes, [HeÕs the God] of the gentiles also! 30 So God is really the One who calls both the circumcised and the uncircumcised righteous because of their faith.

31 Then, does our faith overide the Law? Never may that happen! Rather, it makes the Law stronger.

Chapter 4

1 For example, consider our fleshly ancestor AbraHam. 2 If [God] had called AbraHam righteous because of the things he did, [AbraHam] might have had a reason to boastÉ but not to God. 3 What do the Scriptures say? ŌAbraHam was counted as righteous because he believed in The God (gr. To Theo).Õ

4 Notice that when a man works [for a living], his getting paid isnÕt thought of as a kindnessÉ itÕs something that heÕs owed! 5 However, those who donÕt actually do anything other than just believe in the One who calls the ungodly righteous are still counted as righteous because of their faith.

6 Notice that David also spoke of how blest a man is whom God counts as righteous despite [all the bad things] that heÕs done. [For he wrote]:

7 ŌBlest are those forgiven for their lawless ways
And those whose sins He has coveredÉ
8 Blest are those in whom He doesnÕt find sin!Õ

9 So doesnÕt this ŌblessingÕ apply to both the circumcised and the uncircumcised? For as [David] said: ŌAbraHam was counted as righteous because of his faith.Õ 10 And just what was [AbraHamÕs] situation when [God] thought of him that way? Was this before he was circumcised or after he was circumcised? It wasnÕt after he was circumcised, it was while he was uncircumcised! 11 For the sign that he received (circumcision) was a seal of the righteousness that he showed while he was yet uncircumcised!

Therefore, [AbraHam] became the father of those who have faith while they are yet uncircumcisedÉ and [just like AbraHam], they can be counted as righteous! 12 So, he not only became the father of circumcision to the uncircumcised, but also the father of those who follow in the faith and footsteps of our father AbraHam when he was uncircumcised!

13 Indeed, AbraHam and his seed werenÕt given the promise of inheriting the world because of the Law, but because of their righteous faith! 14 But if [you can only] become heirs through the Law, then faith has no value and the promise is worthlessÉ 15 for all that the Law brings is [GodÕs] wrath. Yet where there is no law, thereÕs nothing to break!

16 So, because we believe in [GodÕs] loving care, we are assured that the promise applies to all who are [AbraHamÕs] seedÉ and theyÕre not just those who are under the Law, but all who have the same faith as AbraHam, who is the father of us all! 17 For notice that it was written:

ŌIÕve appointed you to be the father of many nations

[And when this was said about him, AbraHam] was standing before The God in whom he believedÉ the One who makes the dead alive and who calls the things that arenÕt and makes them exist. 18 So although [AbraHam originally] didnÕt have any reason for hope, he came to believe that he would become the father of many nations; for he was told, ŌThey will be your seed.Õ 19 And the fact that his body was almost dead (since he was a hundred years old) and that the womb of Sarah was dead, this didnÕt weaken his faith, 20 because it was promised to him by The God in whom he trusted. So he was strengthened by something that was unbelievableÉ and God was glorified by his faith! 21 For [AbraHam] was completely convinced that [God] could do whatever He promised, 22 and this is why he was counted as righteous!

23 Now, the words, Ōhe was counted as,Õ werenÕt just written for his sake, 24 but for the sake of all those whom [God] thinks of in that same wayÉ those who believe in the One who raised our Lord Jesus from the dead. 25 For after he had been offered up for our errors, he was then raised. And this is why we too can be counted as righteous!

Chapter 5

1 So, now that weÕve been declared righteous because of our faith, letÕs enjoy the peace that we have with God through our Lord Jesus the Anointed One. 2 For itÕs through him that we have this faith and are able to bask in His loving care.

Therefore, let us boast of the hope [that we have] to the Glory of God. 3 And not only that; letÕs also boast about the difficulties we suffer, because we know that these difficulties give us endurance, 4 the endurance helps us to pass the tests, and passing the tests gives us a hope 5 that will never embarrass us, because it pours GodÕs love into our hearts through the Holy Breath that He gives to us.

6 For a fact; the Anointed One came right on time and he died for ungodly men back when we were still weak! 7 Yet, few would be willing to die for the righteous, and even fewer would be willing to die for the good. 8 But God showed His love for us through the Anointed One, who died for us while we were still sinners!

9 Now, since weÕve been called righteous by [JesusÕ] blood; isnÕt it even more likely that he will save us from [GodÕs] wrath? 10 Because, if we found GodÕs favor through the death of His Son while we were His enemies, how much more so will we be saved by His [SonÕs] life, now that He cares for us! 11 And not only that; but now (through our Lord Jesus the Anointed One) weÕre also glorifying The God who has granted us this privilege.

12 Sin entered the world through one man, and this sin resulted in death. So by this [one] sin, death was passed on to all men and they have all sinned. 13 Therefore, even before the Law arrived, there was sin in the worldÉ however sin isnÕt counted [against us] when thereÕs no law to break. 14 But despite that, death still reigned from [the time of] Adam down to Moses, even over those who hadnÕt sinned in the same wrong way that Adam had sinnedÉ but he was a prototype of the one who was to come.

15 Now, the sin [of Adam] canÕt be compared to the gift [from God]. For if death came to many because of the wrongdoing of one man; think of how much more the loving-care of God and His gift (the loving care of one man, Jesus the Anointed One) has brought an abundance to so many!

16 This true gift didnÕt come from the one who had sinned (Adam)É indeed, his judgment was just condemnation. However, [GodÕs] gift is the justifying of many errors. 17 So if death did in fact come to rule through that one error; how much greater is the abundance of the gift of righteousness and the receiving of life that will come to rule through the loving care of that oneÉ Jesus the Anointed.

18 Also, since the result of one error was to condemn all mankind; then through this one righteous act, everyone can be counted righteous so they can live! 19 And as the disobedience of one man caused many to become sinners; through the obedience of one [man], many will also be counted as righteous!

20 Now, the Law came along so as to show up many errors. However, where there are many sins, there is a superabundance of loving-care that can be shown. 21 Therefore, as sin has reigned and brought death; [GodÕs] loving care will bring a righteous rule and age-long life through our Lord Jesus the Anointed.

Chapter 6

1 So, what can we say? Should we remain sinners so there can be more [of His] loving care? 2 May that never happen! For if weÕve died to sin, how can we continue to live in it?

3 DonÕt you know that all who were baptized into the Anointed Jesus were also baptized into his death? 4 Therefore, we were buried with him by our baptism into his death, so that just as the Anointed One was raised from among the dead by the glory of the Father, we should also be walking in a new way of life. 5 And if weÕve been buried with him into the same type of death; then [like him], we will also be resurrected.

6 However, we must recognize that the person we used to be was hung on a pole with [him] to bring an end to our sinful bodiesÉ which means that we shouldnÕt be slaves to sin anymore! 7 For those who have died have been acquitted of their sins! 8 And if we believe that we have already died with the Anointed One, then weÕll be alive with him also. 9 For we know that the Anointed One has been raised from the dead and that he wonÕt die again. Therefore, death isnÕt his master anymore. 10 So when he died, he died for sins once and for all timeÉ and now heÕs alive and heÕs living to The God (gr. To Theo)! 11 And in the same way, you should also consider yourselves dead when it comes to sin, but alive to The God through the Anointed Jesus.

12 This is why you shouldnÕt allow sin to rule your mortal bodies anymore and why you shouldnÕt obey its desiresÉ 13 you should no longer offer your body parts to serve as unrighteous weapons of sin! Rather, you should offer yourselves to God as people whoÕve been brought back to life from the dead, and [you should offer] your body parts to God as weapons of righteousness! 14 Indeed, sin must not be your masterÉ for you arenÕt under the Law, youÕre under [GodÕs] loving care.

15 So if we are no longer under the Law but under [GodÕs] loving care, does this mean that we can just keep on sinning? May that never be so! 16 DonÕt you know that if you offer yourselves to obey someone as a slave, you become that personÕs slave? [So, youÕre] either [a slave] to sin, which results in death, or [a slave] to obedience, which results in righteousness.

17 Thank God that although you used to be slaves to sin, your hearts have started to obey this teaching that you were given, 18 which has set you free from sin and made you slaves to righteousness!

19 IÕm going to put this in simple terms because of your fleshly weaknesses: Just as you once offered your body parts as unclean slaves to immorality and Law breaking, you must now offer your body parts as slaves to righteousness and holiness. 20 For back when you were slaves to sin, you were free from any righteousness. 21 And what was the result of the things [you did] back then? ArenÕt these the very things that youÕre so ashamed of now? And these are the things that lead to death! 22 But now that youÕve been set free from sin and have become slaves of God, you can receive holiness and age-long life. 23 For the wage of sin is death, while GodÕs gift is age-long life through the Anointed Jesus, our Lord.

Chapter 7

1 Are you ignorant, brothers? IÕm telling those of you who know the Law that the Law is a manÕs master for as long as heÕs alive! 2 This is the same situation as with a woman who is bound to the law of her man for as long as heÕs alive. However, after he dies, sheÕs no longer under his law. 3 So though she would be condemned as an adulteress if she were to ever become another manÕs woman while her man is still alive; after he dies, sheÕs free from his law and she isnÕt an adulteress if she marries another.

4 So my brothers; You died to the Law through the body of the Anointed One, and now you belong to someone elseÉ youÕve been raised from the dead so that you can now produce fruitage for God! 5 Because, while you were fleshly, what the Law labels as sinful passions were working within you, and the fruitage they produced was death. 6 But now that youÕve been set free from the Law (because youÕve died to the thing that held you down), you can become slaves to something newÉ to a newness of spirit, and not to some old writings anymore!

7 So, what should we sayÉ that the Law sinful? May that never be true! For I would never have known what sin was, were it not for the Law. For example, I wouldnÕt have known what envy was if it werenÕt the Law that said, ŌYou must not envy.Õ 8 However, when I learned about this sin from the Commandment, it created every sort of envy [in me]. Yet, before the Law arrived, [this wasnÕt] a sin.

9 Actually, I once lived without the Law; but after I came under its Commandments, sin came to life and I died. 10 Therefore, I found that the Commandments that were supposed to lead me to life, led me to deathÉ 11 for the sins that I learned about in the Commandments seduced me and killed me. 12 Nevertheless, the Law and the Commandments are still holy, righteous, and good.

13 So, what was it that killed me? Was it the thing that was good for me? May that never be true! Rather, it is the sin, when it was exposed as sin by that which is good for me, that [led me to] deathÉ for the Commandments showed the sin to be sinful! 14 This is because the Law is something thatÕs spiritual, while I am fleshly and sold into sin. 15 So I really didnÕt understand what I was doingÉ for I didnÕt do the things that I wanted to do, and I didnÕt like the things that I was doing. 16 And despite the fact that I still do things that I donÕt want to do, I say that the Law is good. 17 For though IÕm no longer under [the Law], sin is still dwelling within me.

18 Now, I know that nothing thatÕs dwelling within me (in this flesh) is any good; for though I want to do whatÕs right, I donÕt always have the will to do it. 19 So I donÕt do the good things that I want to do and I still do bad things. 20 Therefore, if IÕm doing things that I donÕt want to do, IÕm really not in charge [of my body]É the sin that dwells there is! 21 So, though I find that I want to obey the Law and do good things; badness is always here within me. 22 And though the man that I am on the inside really enjoys the Law of God; 23 my body parts are obeying a different law and theyÕre at war with the law of my mindÉ they drag me into the laws of sin that are there in my body parts.

24 O what a miserable man that I am! Who will save me from this dying body? 25 But thanks to God (through our Lord Jesus the Anointed); though IÕm a slave to sinÕs law in my flesh, IÕm still a slave to GodÕs Law in my mind!

Chapter 8

1 Understand that thereÕs nothing that can condemn those who are in the Anointed Jesus (those who are walking in the ways of the Spirit, not [in the ways of] the flesh), 2 because the law of the Spirit of life that is in the Anointed Jesus didnÕt come from the Law of sin and death. 3 So, the weakness of the Law is just the weakness of the flesh. And by sending His Son over this matter of sin (in what appeared to be sinful flesh), God condemned the sins of the flesh 4 so that the righteous requirements of the Law could be fulfilled in those of us who arenÕt obeying the flesh, but the Spirit. 5 For those of the flesh just think about fleshly things, while those of the Spirit [think about] spiritual things.

6 Indeed, the thoughts of the flesh bring death, while the thoughts of the Spirit bring life and peace. 7 And obeying the flesh brings GodÕs rejection, because [the flesh] isnÕt under GodÕs Law, nor can it ever be! 8 Therefore, those who follow fleshly ways can never be pleasing to God. 9 However, if GodÕs Breath is living in us, we are no longer fleshly but spiritualÉ and those who donÕt have the spirit of the Anointed One donÕt belong to him. 10 So if the Anointed One is truly within you, your body is indeed dead to sin and his spirit is making you alive through righteousness.

11 As the result; if the Spirit of the One who raised Jesus from the dead lives in you, the One who raised the Anointed Jesus from the dead will also make your dying bodies alive through His Breath thatÕs in you. 12 So brothers; since we donÕt owe anything to the flesh, we shouldnÕt be following fleshly [ways]! 13 For if youÕre living according to the flesh, youÕre intending to die; but if, through [GodÕs] Breath, youÕre willing to destroy the deeds of the body, you will live!

14 Indeed, all who are led by GodÕs Breath are Sons of God! 15 [And because of this,] you didnÕt receive a spirit of bondage to fear again; rather, you received a spirit of adoption, through which you can now call out, ŌPapa! Father!Õ 16 This is the same Spirit that testifies to the spirit within us that we are GodÕs childrenÉ 17 and if weÕre [His] children, weÕre also [His] heirsÉ yes, heirs of God and heirs along with the Anointed One!

However, we will all have to suffer together so we can be glorified together. 18 And I donÕt believe that the sufferings we are currently enduring amount to anything when theyÕre compared to the glory thatÕs going to be revealed in us. 19 Indeed, [all] creation is awaiting and earnestly expecting the revealing of the sons of God. 20 For His creations were never willingly subjected to futility. Rather, they were subjected to it by the will of the One who gave us the hope that 21 all creation will soon be set free from bondage to decay and then enter the glorious freedom of the children of God!

22 We know that all creation has been groaning and in birth pains until now. 23 And it isnÕt by itself, since even those of us who have received the first fruitage of [GodÕs] Breath groan within ourselves as we await the adoption and the [payment of] the ransom that will free our bodies. 24 Yes, this is the hope that is saving us!

Now, when you hope for something that you can see, that really isnÕt hopeÉ because people donÕt hope for something that they can already see. 25 However, if we keep on hoping for something that we havenÕt seen, weÕll continue to patiently wait for it.

26 And now we have the [Holy] Spirit that is helping us with our weaknesses, because we donÕt always know what we should even be praying for. Yet the Spirit is always there, groaning the words [that we] havenÕt spoken. 27 And the One who searches hearts knows the thoughts of the Spirit; because, like a god, heÕs an advocate for the holy ones.

28 We know that God makes everything work together for the good of those who love Him (those who have been called to do His will). 29 For He recognized them ahead of time and chose them to become like His Son, who was the firstborn from among many brothers! 30 So, all whom He chooses, He calls; all whom He calls, He makes righteous; all whom He makes righteous, He glorifies!

31 Therefore, what can we say about all of this? If God is over us, who can come down on us? 32 And since He didnÕt even spare His Son, but handed him over for all of our sakes; then why shouldnÕt [we believe that] He will also give us everything else? 33 For, who can accuse those whoÕve been chosen by God?

Yes, if God has declared us to be righteous, 34 who can condemn us? So, since we now have the Anointed Jesus, who died, was raised from the dead, and is at GodÕs right hand pleading our case, 35 what can ever take us away from the love of the Anointed One? Not hard times, nor difficulties, nor distress, nor persecution, nor hunger, nor nakedness, nor danger or even swords!

36 It was written: ŌWeÕre being killed all day long for Your sake É we are thought of as sheep to be slaughtered!Õ

37 However, through this One that loves us, we have conquered all these things! 38 For IÕm convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor governments, nor things that are happening or will happen, nor powers, 39 nor height, nor depth, nor anything else in creation will be able to take us away from GodÕs love that is in the Anointed Jesus our Lord!

Chapter 9

1 In the name of the Anointed One, IÕm telling you this as the truth (no, IÕm not lying), for my conscience testifies with me in [GodÕs] Holy Breath 2 that IÕm extremely sad and constantly sick at heart, 3 because I wish that I could be the one that is cursed by being separated from the Anointed One rather than my brothers and fleshly relatives, the IsraElites. 4 For theyÕre the ones to whom the adoption as sons, the glory, the Sacred Agreement, the Law, the worship, and the promises belong. 5 TheyÕre the ones [who descended] from the forefathers and the ones through whom the Anointed One [came] in the fleshÉ yes, praise God who is over it all through the ages, may it be so!

6 However, GodÕs Word hasnÕt failed in this, because not all who came from IsraEl are really IsraEl, 7 nor are AbraHamÕs seed his only children. Though [itÕs written], ŌThat which will be called your seed will come through IsaAc;Õ 8 [IsaAcÕs] fleshly children arenÕt all the children of GodÉ for the children of the promise are that seed. 9 Notice the promise that [AbraHam] was given: ŌI will return at this time and Sarah will have a son.Õ 10 And this isnÕt the only occasion. For when Rebecca was pregnant with twins from our forefather IsaAc, 11 and before they were born or did anything good or bad (just to show that GodÕs purposes donÕt depend on the things we do, but on the One who does the choosing), 12 she was told: ŌThe older will be the younger [oneÕs] slave.Õ 13 And it was written: ŌI loved Jacob, but I didnÕt care for Esau.Õ

14 So, what can we say? Is God unjust? May that never be true! 15 But he told Moses: ŌI will show mercy upon whomever I choose to show mercy, and pity upon whomever I choose to feel pity.Õ 16 So it doesnÕt depend on the one who does the wishing or on the one who does the running, but on the mercy of God! 17 For the Scriptures say that He told the PharaOh: ŌThe reason why I raised you is so that I can show My powers through you, and to have My Name announced throughout the whole earth!Õ

18 So the [point is this]: He shows mercy on whomever He wishes to show mercy, and He hardens [the hearts] of whomever He wishes.

19 Therefore, you might ask: ŌThen, why does [God] find fault with anyone who resists His plans?Õ

20 O man, who are you to question God? Will the thing that is made ask its maker, ŌWhy did you make me like this?Õ 21 For isnÕt the potter in charge of his clay; and canÕt he make one pot for an honorable use and another for a dishonorable use from the same lump [of clay]? 22 Therefore, God can choose to show His rage and make His power known through whatever pottery HeÕs had to endure. And if He made it for His rage, then itÕs only fit to be destroyed! 23 But He can also show the richness of His glory upon the pots of mercy that He has prepared ahead of time for gloryÉ 24 those of us whom He has called not just from among the Jews, but also from among the gentiles!

25 ItÕs as He said in Hosea: ŌIÕll call those who arenÕt My people, My people, and the one I didnÕt love, My loved one. 26 So in those places where they were [once] told, YouÕre not My people, they will be called, The Living GodÕs sons

27 Yet IsaiAh shouted this about IsraEl:
ŌThe people of IsraEl will then grow to be as many as the sands of the seas, from the few that survive
28 And for a fact, [we can see that] the Lord is [now] bringing about this reduction on the earth.

29 IsaiAh also prophesied:
ŌIf Jehovah of armies hadnÕt left us a seed, we would have become just like Sodom and the same as GomorRah.Õ

30 So this is why we can say that gentiles became righteous (although they werenÕt trying to be righteous) with the [type of] righteousness that comes from faith, 31 while IsraEl, which was following a righteous Law, just didnÕt make it! 32 And why was that so? Because [IsraEl] didnÕt look for it in faith, but in the things that they were doingÉ they tripped over the Ōstumbling stone.Õ 33 As it is written:
Ō{Look!} Upon the foundation of Zion,
IÕll place a valuable stoneÉ
A costly, select cornerstone,
In order to serve as its base.
And those trusting in him will never be shamed.Õ

Chapter 10

1 Therefore, brothers; the goodwill that I have in my heart for [the Jews] and the thing that I beg of God, is for them to be saved! 2 For I can testify to the fact that though they have a zeal for God, they still donÕt know [Him]. 3 And since they donÕt understand GodÕs righteous ways and theyÕre always trying to prove their own ways to be righteous, they are unwilling to submit to GodÕs righteousness. 4 However, the Anointed One fulfilled the Law so that he could bring righteousness to those who have faith.

5 Though Moses wrote: ŌYou must follow all My rules and all My decisionsÉ yes, follow them in such a way [that you learn to] live by them;Õ 6 righteousness that is based on faith tells us: ŌDonÕt ask in your hearts, Who could ascend into the heavens to bring the Anointed One down? 7 or, Who could descend into the abyss to bring the Anointed One up from the dead?Õ 8 What does it say? ŌThe words are close to youÉ theyÕre in your mouths and in your heartsÕÉ and these are the words of faith that we are preaching!

9 So if you confess and say the words in your mouths that Jesus is Lord, and if you truly believe in your hearts that God raised him from the dead, youÕll be saved! 10 For heart-felt faith [moves you to] righteousness, and your mouthÕs confession of this [leads you to] salvation. 11 For the Scriptures tell us, ŌThose who believe in him will never be shamed.Õ

12 Therefore, thereÕs really no difference between Jews or Greeks, because we all have the same Lord, and he provides abundantly for all those who call on him. 13 Therefore, everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved! 14 However, how will they call on someone in whom they donÕt believe? How will they believe in someone of whom theyÕve never heard? How will they hear without someone to preach? 15 And how will they preach if they arenÕt sent? This is why it was written: ŌHow beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news about good things!Õ

16 Yet, not everyone will obey the good news; for notice that IsaiAh asked: ŌWho has trusted our report of the Lord17 So, faith comes from hearingÉ that is, by hearing the things that the Anointed [One] said! 18 So IÕm now asking, Why havenÕt they heard, since the call has gone throughout their whole landÉ in fact, the words have reached to the ends of the earth! 19 Yes IÕm asking, Why doesnÕt IsraEl already know?

Notice that it was Moses who first told [them]:
ŌI will provoke you to jealousy with those who are not [of your] nation and anger you with those who donÕt understand.Õ

20 Then IsaiAh dared to [write]:
ŌI was seen by those not searching for Me,
And found by those not asking for Me.
I said, Here I am, to a nation
That has never called on My Name.Õ

21 And he went on to say this regarding IsraEl:
ŌIÕve held out My hands all day long
To a people who just will not listen
And to those who prefer to talk back.Õ

Chapter 11

1 So, let me ask: Has God pushed His people away? May that never be so! Why, IÕm also an IsraEliteÉ IÕm the seed of AbraHam and of the tribe of BenJamin, 2 and God hasnÕt rejected these people whom He knew first!

DonÕt you remember what the scriptures tell us that EliJah said as he was pleading with God concerning IsraEl? 3 [He said], ŌO Jehovah; TheyÕve killed Your Prophets, theyÕve dug up Your Altars, and IÕm the only one leftÉ and now theyÕre seeking my life!Ō

4 And what was [GodÕs] reply? He said, ŌIÕve kept seven-thousand people for Myself who havenÕt bent a knee to BaAl.Õ

5 So, the same thing is true today, for there are still some left who, through [His] loving care, are being chosen. 6 However, [receiving] His loving care doesnÕt come to them through [obedience to the Law], for if it did, His loving care wouldnÕt really be loving care. É

7 Then what happened to IsraEl? Well, not all of them received the thing that they were seekingÉ just the ones whoÕd been chosen from among them received it, while the rest became more obstinate, 8 just as itÕs written:
ŌGod gave them a spirit to slumber;
So their eyes havenÕt seen and their ears havenÕt heard,
Down to this very day.Õ

9 David also said:
ŌLet their table be a snare, trip lever, and trap
As retribution upon them.
10 Let their eyes grow dim, so they cannot see,
And their backs forever bent double.Õ

11 So I ask: Did they stumble so [badly that] they couldnÕt be raised [again]? May that never be so! However, theyÕve been missing out as the gentiles were being saved, in order to make them jealous. 12 But if their missing out has enriched the world, and if their failures have enriched the gentiles; how much more will result when they are included?

13 Now, I want to address those of you who are gentiles: Since IÕm really an Apostle to the gentiles, I can make my service even more glorious 14 if I can somehow make those who are my own flesh jealous and bring some of them to salvation. 15 Because, if throwing them away will restore the worldÕs relationship [with God], then what will receiving them back again mean other than life for those who are dead? 16 For if the first fruits [can be made] holy, [then the rest of the crop will also be holy]É if the roots are holy, so are the branches! 17 Therefore, if some of the branches were broken off so that you wild olives could be grafted in, you have become sharers in the fatness of that olive [treeÕs] roots. 18 But donÕt start cheering because those branches [were removed]; for if you find yourselves doing that, remember that you arenÕt supporting the roots, theyÕre supporting you!

19 Yes, you could say, ŌThe branches were broken off so that I could be grafted inÕÉ 20 and thatÕs a fact! They were broken off because they lacked faith, and you have taken their places because you have faith. But donÕt think too much of yourselvesÉ be afraid! 21 For if God didnÕt spare the natural branches, He doesnÕt have to spare you either!

22 Therefore, recognize GodÕs loving kindness as well as [His] willingness to remove. So, although those who have fallen have been cut off and youÕre now receiving GodÕs loving care; itÕs only yours for as long as you stay in that [good relationship], because you can be pruned off too! 23 And then, if [the Jews] donÕt continue in their disbelief, they will be grafted back in, since God can graft them back in again! 24 For if you were cut from an olive tree thatÕs wild by nature and then (contrary to nature) grafted into the garden olive tree; recognize how much easier it will be for those who are natural branches to be grafted back into their own olive tree again!

25 Brothers, I donÕt want you to ignore this mystery, so you donÕt become too wise in your own eyes: IsraEl was allowed to become calloused until the full number of gentiles came in. 26 Yet, this is how all IsraEl is going to be saved! For itÕs written:
ŌA Savior will come out of Zion
And remove from Jacob, his godless ways.
27 Yes, this is My promise to them,
After I have removed all their sins.Õ

28 Therefore, from the standpoint of the good news; they have become His enemies for your sakes! But from the standpoint of the choosing; they are the ones who are loved because of their ancestors, 29 since the loving gifts of God and His calling are irrevocable!

30 So, just as you were once disobedient to God but have now been shown mercy [despite your] disobedience; 31 they are now being disobedient. Yet, because you were shown mercy, they may also be shown mercy. 32 Yes, God has locked them up together in disobedience so that He might show mercy to us all.

33 ŌO the depths of GodÕs riches, wisdom, and knowledge,
And the mysteries of all His decisions;
For His ways canÕt be figured out!

34 ŌWhoÕs come to know the mind of Jehovah,
And who can give Him advice,
35 Or give Him something that He must repay?
36 Since all is from Him, by Him, and for Him,
To glorify Him through the agesŌÉ
May it be so.

Chapter 12

1 So I beg you by the compassion of God, brothers, to offer your bodies as living, holy sacrifices that are pleasing to God, and to serve Him in sensible ways. 2 DonÕt [allow yourselves] to be molded by this system of things; rather, be transformed by renewing your minds so that you come to think well of the good, pleasing, and perfect Will of The God. 3 Yes, through the loving care that was shown to me, IÕm telling all of you not to think too much of yourselves. Rather, you must think clearly, as God has given each of you your own share of faith.

4 [Remember that] our bodies have many parts, and none of [these parts] have the same function. 5 So although there are many of us, weÕre really just one body in the Anointed One, and starting from him, we are each parts of that bodyÉ therefore, we all belong to each other. 6 Likewise, each of us have different gifts that we were kindly given, whether itÕs prophesying according to our portion of faith, 7 serving in some service, teaching some point, 8 offering some encouragement, simply sharing, earnestly taking the lead, or cheerfully showing mercy. 9 Therefore, we should love [each other] without being judgmentalÉ we should hate what is wicked and stick with the things that are good!

10 So, let your brotherly love make you more tender and caring to each other, and take the lead when it comes to showing honor to each other. 11 Do your bestÉ donÕt be lazyÉ slave for the Lord and bubble over with his SpiritÉ 12 let your hope fill you with joy as you endure the difficulties and persecutionsÉ and keep on praying. 13 Also, share whatever you have with the Holy Ones and be hospitable. 14 Learn to say nice things to those who persecute [you]É donÕt curse them, praise them! 15 Rejoice with people who are rejoicing and cry with those who are cryingÉ 16 be aware of each otherÕs needsÉ donÕt spend too much time thinking about high ideas, but deal with each other humblyÉ donÕt think too much of yourselves! 17 DonÕt be rude to people who treat you poorly, but plan to do good things in the eyes of everyone. 18 And if possible (whenever you can), be peaceable with everyoneÉ 19 donÕt get even, loved ones; put anger in its place, because itÕs written: ŌLet Me get even and IÕll pay them back, says Jehovah20 Also: ŌIf your enemy is hungry, feed him; and if heÕs thirsty, give him something to drink; for whenever you do this, youÕre piling burning coals on their heads.Õ 21 So, donÕt allow evil to conquer you. Rather, keep on conquering the evil with goodness.

Chapter 13

1 Everyone should submit to the authorities that are over them. Indeed, there are no offices of authority that donÕt come from God, or any that havenÕt been instituted by God. 2 So, those who resist the authorities whose laws have come from God are really opposing and condemning themselves! 3 For there is no reason to fear the rulers when weÕre behavingÉ just when weÕre misbehaving.

Do you wish that you wouldnÕt have to fear the authorities? Then, do good things and theyÕll praise you, 4 because theyÕre GodÕs servants for your own good. But if youÕre doing something thatÕs wrong, you have good reason to fear them. For, thatÕs why they bear the sword of GodÉ theyÕre GodÕs servants and His avengers to show His rage upon those who are doing what is wrong!

5 So, itÕs important for you to obey themÉ and not just for [fear of] angering them, but because of [your] consciences. 6 This is why you pay your taxes; because, as public servants, theyÕre serving GodÕs purposes! 7 Therefore, pay everyone whatever theyÕre owedÉ to the tax collector the property tax, and to the toll collectors the tolls. Also fear the police and show honor to those [who should be] honored. 8 DonÕt owe anything to anyone, except your love for each other, because those who love others have fulfilled [the] Law. 9 For [the Laws], ŌYou must not commit adultery; you must not murder; you must not steal; you must not envy;Õ (and whatever other Commandments there are) are summed up in the words, ŌYou must love your neighbor as yourself.Õ 10 Yes, those who love wonÕt do anything bad to their neighbors, since the Law is fulfilled through love.

11 As for those of you who are aware of the season; itÕs time to wake up, because our salvation is now closer than it was when we first became believers! 12 Since the night is almost over and the Day is near, we should be getting rid of the things that belong to darkness and start putting on the weapons of light. 13 Yes, let us all behave as we would in the daytimeÉ not in wild partying and drunkenness; not in immoral sex and the lacking of principles; not in arguing and jealousy. 14 Rather, we should be putting on the Lord Jesus the Anointed One and no longer planning [to satisfy] the cravings of the flesh.

Chapter 14

1 Therefore, welcome those who are weak in the faith and donÕt try to judge their motives. 2 Though those who have faith can eat anything and those who are weaker just eat vegetables; 3 the ones who eat shouldnÕt look down on those who donÕt, and those who donÕt eat shouldnÕt judge those who do, since God has accepted them both. 4 For, who are you to judge the house servant of another, since we each stand or fall before our own masterÉ and we can stand, because the Lord can make us stand!

5 Also, some consider one day as more important than others, while some consider each day to be the same as all the rest. However, each of us should be sure of this in our own minds! 6 Then those who observe a certain day [as holy] should observe it to the Lord. Also, those who eat [whatever they wish] should eat it to the Lord, because they have thanked God for it. Likewise, those who donÕt eat [everything] should abstain to the Lord, since they too have thanked God [for what they have received].

7 So, none of us should be living just for ourselves, and none of us should be dying just for ourselves. 8 For when we live, we live for the Lord, and when we die, we die for the LordÉ because whether we live or die, we belong to the Lord! 9 And the reason why the Anointed One died and came to life again was so that he could be the Lord of both the living and the dead.

10 So, why are you judging your brothers, or why are you looking down on them, since we will all stand before the judgment seat of God? 11 Notice that itÕs written:
ŌAs I live, says Jehovah;
Every knee should bend low to Me,
And by Me, every tongue should swear oaths.
Õ

12 So, since each of us must answer for ourselves before God, 13 we should stop judging each other, and we shouldnÕt be setting anything before our brothers that will cause them to stumble and fall.

14 Now, I know (and IÕve been persuaded by the Lord Jesus) that nothing is uncleanÉ itÕs only when a man considers something to be unclean that itÕs unclean to him. 15 Yet if what youÕre eating upsets your brother, you arenÕt following the path of love yet. For you shouldnÕt want anyone for whom the Anointed One died to be destroyed over the food that youÕre eatingÉ 16 nor should they speak badly of the good things that you are doing. 17 Because, the Kingdom of God has nothing to do with eating or drinkingÉ just with righteousness, peace, and the joy of [GodÕs] Holy Breath. 18 So, those of you who choose to make yourselves slaves in such matters [for the sake of] the Anointed One will be approved both by God and by men. 19 And what we should all be doing is trying to do the things that promote peace and to build each other upÉ 20 [we must] stop tearing down the work of God over food!

So, though itÕs true that all [food] is clean, it can still be bad for someone who stumbles over what we are eating. 21 Therefore, it isnÕt good to eat meat, or to drink wine, or to do anything else that could be a snare to our brothers, 22 because we should be sure that the things we believe [to be right] also look good in the eyes of GodÉ and any man who isnÕt being judged over things of which he personally approves, should be praised. 23 However, if heÕs unsure of something that heÕs eating, his lack of faith is condemning him for eating it; because, whenever we do something that we believe [to be wrong], we are sinning.

Chapter 15

1 So, those of us who are strong must handle the weaknesses of those who arenÕt strong, and not just be pleasing ourselves. 2 Rather, we should each be trying to please our neighbors by doing good things that build them up. 3 For even the Anointed One didnÕt just please himself. Notice that itÕs written: ŌThe insults of those who are insulting you, have fallen upon me.Õ

4 Understand that everything that was written until now has been written to teach us, so that through our endurance and through the comfort that comes from the Scriptures, we might have hope. 5 Therefore, may the endurance and comfort that comes from God supply this to you, so that you may pay close attention to each otherÕs needs in the same ways that the Anointed Jesus did. 6 Then together, as with one mind and one mouth, we can all bring glory to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus the Anointed One.

7 So, welcome each other as the Anointed One welcomed us (to the glory of God). 8 For [he] became a servant to those who are circumcised for the sake of the truth of God, and he verified the promises that were made to their ancestors, 9 while he allowed the gentiles to glorify God for His mercies. As it is written:
ŌThatÕs why IÕll praise You to the nations,
And thatÕs why IÕll sing to Your Name.Õ

10 And again it says:
ŌRejoice, you nations, along with His people!Õ

11 And again:
ŌPraise Jehovah, you nationsÉ
Let everyone give praise to Him.Õ

12 Also, IsaiAh wrote:
ŌIn that day, the root of JesSe [will sprout]É
HeÕll arise to rule [all] the nations.
In him, the gentiles will trust,
And upon him, honor will rest.Õ

13 So, may the God who provides hope fill you with all joy and peace in the belief that youÕll have more than enough faith through the power of [His] Holy Breath.

14 IÕm sure of this about you, my brothers: You are filled with goodness, because youÕve been filled with all knowledge so that you can strengthen each other!

15 Now, IÕm writing to you in plain words to remind you that because of a gift that God kindly gave to me, 16 I was appointed a [temple] official to the gentiles by Jesus the Anointed One and to serve as their Priest of the good news of God, so that their offerings can be found worthy and clean through the Holy BreathÉ 17 and the Anointed Jesus has given me many good reasons to be cheerful when it comes to these things of God.

18 Therefore, I wouldnÕt dare to even speak of anything that the Anointed One could have failed to accomplish on behalf the gentiles through me, because IÕve obediently followed his instructions in everything that I have been saying and doing 19 through the power of signs, omens, and by the might of the Holy Breath. For IÕve thoroughly preached the good news about the Anointed One in a circuit from JeruSalem all the way to IlLyricum. 20 And IÕve made it my goal not to preach the good news in places where theyÕve already heard about the Anointed One, so that I wouldnÕt be building on another manÕs foundation. 21 As itÕs written:
ŌHeÕll be seen by those to whom he didnÕt preach,
And those who havenÕt heard him will learn.Õ

22 So, this is why IÕve not been allowed to come to you on several previous occasions. 23 But now that I no longer have a place in those regions, and because IÕve been wanting to come to you for several years, 24 itÕs my hope to see you along the way as I travel to Spain. [And if so], perhaps you can come to the place where IÕll be staying.Õ

25 However, right now I have to travel on to JeruSalem to serve the needs of the Holy Ones, 26 because those in Macedonia and Achaea have been so happy to share their things by contributing to the poor among the Holy Ones in JeruSalem.Õ

27 Yet, while itÕs true that they were happy to do so, they were also indebted to them. For if theyÕve shared their spiritual things with the gentiles, the [gentiles] are now indebted to them, as part of a public service, to share things for the fleshly body.

28 So after I finish doing that and deliver these things to them safely, IÕll visit you as IÕm on my way to Spain. 29 And I know that when I do get to you, IÕll come with a full measure of blessings from Anointed One.

30 Now, I beg you brothers, through our Lord Jesus the Anointed One and through the love of the Breath [of God], to please share in praying to God on my behalf, 31 that I might be saved from the unbelievers in JudeaÉ and that my service in JeruSalem may prove to be what the Holy Ones need, 32 so that when I have the joy of getting back to you (if itÕs GodÕs Will), I can spend some time resting up with you there. 33 May the God who gives peace be with all of you. May it be so.

Chapter 16

1 I want to especially recommend our sister Phoebe to you, who is a servant in the congregation at Kenchreae. 2 Welcome her in the Lord as you would [welcome] the Holy Ones, and help her in any matter where she may have needs, because she has protected me many timesÉ yes, me personally.

3 Give my greetings to Priska and Aquila, my fellow workers in the Anointed Jesus, 4 who have risked their necks for my life. And not just for me, but offer them thanks on behalf of all the called ones who are gentiles, 5 and [send my greetings] to the called ones in their home.

Also send my greetings to my beloved EpaiNeton, who is one of the first fruits of the Anointed One in [the province of] Asia. 6 And send them to Mary, who has done so many things for you. 7 Give my greetings to Andronicus and Junias, my relatives and fellow captives, who are notable ones among the Apostles, and whoÕve been in the Anointed One longer than I have.

8 Give my greetings to Ampliatus, my loved one in the Lord. 9 Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in the Anointed One, as well as my beloved Stachys. 10 Greet Apelles, the one who is approved in the Anointed One. Also greet those from the household of AristoBoulou. 11 Send my greetings to my relative Herodion, as well as to those in the Lord from the household of Narcissus. 12 Greet TryPhaina and TryPhosa, [women] who are working hard in the Lord. And send my greetings to our beloved Persida, because she has done so many good things in the Lord.

13 Greet Rufus, the LordÕs chosen one, as well as his mother and mine. 14 Greet AsynCritus, Phlegonta, Hermes, PatroBas, Herman, and the brothers who are with them. 15 Send my greetings to PhiloLogus and Julian, Nereus and his sister Olympas, and all the Holy Ones with them. 16 Also greet each other with a holy kiss. For, all the congregations of the Anointed One send you their greetings.

17 Now, I beg you brothers to keep an eye on those who are creating divisions and setting traps by going against the teachings that youÕve learnedÉ avoid them, 18 because such men arenÕt slaving for our Lord the Anointed One, but for their own bellies. TheyÕre seducing the hearts of people who arenÕt really bad by using kind words and praises.

19 Meanwhile, because everyone has noticed your obedience, I am rejoicing over you. I just want you to be wise when it comes to doing whatÕs good, and not to be getting mixed up in doing bad things, 20 since the God of peace will crush the Opposer under your feet shortly. So, may the loving care of our Lord Jesus be with you.

21 Timothy, my fellow worker, sends his greetings, as do Lucius, Jason, and SosiPater, my relatives.

22 I Tertius, who wrote this letter, greet you in [the] Lord.

23 Gaius, our host, and everyone in his congregation send their greeting to you. Erastus, the city public works manager, sends his greetings, as does KouArtos his brother. 24 ŃŃ

25 Now, to the One who can make you strong in the good news that I declare through my preaching about Jesus the Anointed One and about the revelation of the mystery that has remained a secret through the ages, 26 but which through the prophetic scriptures have now been made known and seen among all the nations by the command of the God of ageless time to promote obedience by faith; 27 yes, to God who is the only truly wise One, be the glory through Jesus (the Anointed) through the ages. May it be so.

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