A letter for general circulation attributed to James, the brother of Jude and half-brother of Jesus through Mary.
Likely written in Aramaic sometime before 66-CE.

Notice from the text that unlike Paul, this person appears to be a staunch defender of the Old Law and its customs
(you can see this in his words encouraging following the Old Law in Chapter 2 verses 8-11).
Also, because this is one of the last books to be added to the Bible canon and because its lack of Christian terms, some have doubted the authenticity of this writing.
However, James was indeed an Apostle to the Jews and he lived in JeruSalem.
So as such, his terms would likely have reflected the Jewish way of life.

Chapter 1

1 James, a slave of God and of the Lord Jesus the Anointed One, to the twelve tribes that are scattered about;

2 Consider it all a joyful experience, my brothers, when you have to endure various types of trials, 3 because you know that this proving of your faith helps you to endure.
4 So, may your endurance reach its goal of making you perfect and complete in every way, lacking in nothing.

5 If any of you are lacking in wisdom, you should continue to ask God, and He will give it to youÉ
He provides it easily and without any scolding.
6 However, you must believe [that youÕll receive it] and not have any doubts, for those that doubt are like waves of the sea that are driven and blown about by the wind.
7 Such a person shouldnÕt expect to receive anything at all from the Lord, 8 due to his unsureness and lack of faith.

9 Therefore, let the lowly brother boast of his high standing, 10 and the rich one boast of his lowliness, because he too will pass away like a flower in a field.
11 For when the sun comes up and puts out all of its heat, the plant withers, the flower drops off, and its beauty fadesÉ
And this is how the rich man will fade away in his journey through life.
12 However, the man that endures his trials is blest, because after heÕs been approved, heÕll receive the garland of life that the Lord promised to all those that love him.

13 So may no one that is being tried ever say,
ŌIÕm being tried by God,Õ
for God doesnÕt send bad things to try us. In fact, He doesnÕt try anyone.
14 Rather, we are each being tried by our own desires, which bait us and lead us on.
15 Then when our desires become pregnant, they give birth to sin.
And once the sin is committed, it ends in death.

16 DonÕt allow anyone to mislead you, my beloved brothers;
17 Every good deed and every perfect gift comes to us from above. It comes down from the Father of all Light, who doesnÕt change any more than a shadow when it turns.
18 And because it was His Will, He gave birth to us through the message of truth, so that we could be some of the first fruitage of His creation.

19 Recognize this, my beloved brothers:
Every man must be eager to listen, slow to speak, and slow to get angry.
20 For a manÕs anger doesnÕt make him righteous with God.

21 So, once youÕve gotten rid of all the filth and badness, humbly allow the Word to grow within youÉ
Because it can save your lives.

22 Yes, become a person who does what the Word [directs him to do].
DonÕt [be someone that just] listens it, [for people like that] are fooling themselves.
23 Because if anyone is a hearer but not a doer, heÕs like the man that looks into a mirror at the face he was born with 24 and carefully considers himself, then leaves and immediately forgets what sort of person he really is.

25 However, the one that gazes into the perfect Law that belongs to a free people Š and then keeps on looking into it Š isnÕt someone that listens and forgets, but someone that takes action!
This man will be blest in whatever he does.

26 Now, if any of you think of yourselves as devout, but youÕre misleading your hearts by not putting a bridle on your tongues, your worship is worthless.
27 For what our God and Father views as clean, pure worship is this:
[Providing aid] to orphans and widows when theyÕre in need and keeping ourselves free from the stains of this system of things.

Chapter 2

1 My brothers;
DonÕt show favoritism when it comes to the glorious faith of our Lord Jesus the Anointed One.
2 For if a man that is wearing a gold ring and fine clothes should enter your synagogue, then someone whose clothes are filthy also enters, 3 do you favor the one thatÕs wearing the fine clothes and say,
ŌHereÕs a good place to sit?Õ
And do you then say to the poor one,
ŌStand [over there],Õ
ŌSit here under my footstool?Õ
4 If so, arenÕt you showing favoritism among yourselves and judging from evil thoughts?

5 Listen, my beloved brothers;
DidnÕt God choose the poor of this system of things to be rich in faith and heirs of the Kingdom that He promised to those that love Him?
6 Yet, you [tend to] dishonor the poor!
ArenÕt rich people the ones that are oppressing you and dragging you into courts?
7 And arenÕt they the ones that speak badly of the good name by which you are called?

8 Now, if youÕre obeying the royal law of the Scriptures that says, ŌYou must love your neighbor as yourself,Õ youÕre doing well.
9 But if youÕre showing favoritism, youÕre sinning and the Law convicts you of being its violator!
10 For if someone who is trying to obey the Law fails in just one little part of it, he has broken the whole thing.
11 Because the One that said,
ŌYou must not commit adultery,Õ
also said,
ŌYou must not murder.Õ
So if you arenÕt committing adultery but you murder someone, youÕve broken the whole Law.

12 Therefore, speak and behave as though youÕre about to be judged by the law of a free peopleÉ
13 And [remember that] the merciless will be judged without mercy, since mercy is an important part of justice.

14 So what good does it do, my brothers, if someone says he has faith, but isnÕt moved to do anything about it.
Can his faith save him?
15 [For example], if a brother or sister doesnÕt have clothing or enough food for each day, 16 and you tell him,
ŌGo in peace; be warm and well fedÕÉ
If you donÕt give him what he needs to survive, what good have you done?
17 So, faith without good deeds is dead!

18 Now, someone can say,
ŌThough you may do good things, I have [more] faith!Õ
Well, you show me your faith without good deeds and IÕll show you my faith by the good things that I do.

19 And do you say that you believe thereÕs just one God?
ThatÕs goodÉ but the demons believe that too!
Yes, they believe and it frightens them!

20 I want you to know, O empty man, that faith apart from [good] deeds is dead!
21 For wasnÕt our father AbraHam called righteous because of the things that he didÉ such as when he offered up his son IsaAc on the altar?

22 Yes, you can see how his faith worked along with his deeds, and that it was his deeds that perfected his faith.
23 So the scripture was fulfilled that says,
ŌAbraHam believed in The God, and for this he was considered to be righteous and GodÕs friend.Õ

24 So you see;
A man is pronounced righteous by the things that he does, not just by the things that he believes.

25 The same was true of the prostitute, RaHab. For she was called righteous because she took the messengers in and then sent them out by another way.
26 So, just as a body that isnÕt breathing is dead, faith without good deeds is dead.

Chapter 3

1 Brothers, not many of you should become teachers, because you know that [teachers] will be held more accountableÉ 2 and we all make a lot of mistakes!
So if there is any man that doesnÕt stumble in his words, heÕs perfect and he can lead his whole body as with a bridle.
3 For if we put a bridle in the mouth of a horse to make it obey us, we can control its whole body.

4 {Look!} Even large boats that are driven by strong winds are steered wherever the pilot wishes by very small ruddersÉ 5 and thatÕs how the tongue is!
Though itÕs just a little body part, it can boast about big thingsÉ and just a little flame can set a whole forest on fire!

6 ThatÕs how the tongue isÉ itÕs a flame in a world of unrighteousness.
It sits among our body members as the corrupter of the whole body, which sets our very origins on fireÉ
And what sets them ablaze is the garbage dump!

7 Though every sort of wild animal, flying creature, slithering thing, and sea creature can be tamed and has been tamed by men, 8 no man can tame the tongueÉ
For it wonÕt stop saying bad things, and itÕs full of deadly poison.
9 With it we can praise our Lord and Father, or curse men who came into existence in GodÕs imageÉ
10 So out of the same mouth comes both blessings and curses.

ThereÕs no need for things like this to keep happening, my brothers!
11 Are there any fountains that bubble up both sweet and bitter [water]?
12 Fig trees canÕt produce olives, grapevines canÕt produce figs, and you canÕt get sweet water from salt water, can you my brothers!

13 So, who among you is wise and understanding?
Let him show that he has the inner strength that comes from wisdom by the ways that he acts and the things that he does.
14 But if you are bitterly jealous, and in your hearts you just want to argue; donÕt be too proud of this and donÕt lie about the facts.
15 This isnÕt wisdom that comes from above; itÕs earthly, animalistic, and demonic.

16 For where you find jealousy and arguing, youÕll also find disorder and everything thatÕs foul.
17 But the wisdom that comes from above is first of all pure, then peaceable, reasonable, ready to obey, and full of mercy and good fruitage.
It isnÕt hypocritical or prejudiced, 18 because the seeds of the fruit of righteousness are planted in peace by the peacemakers!

Chapter 4

1 So, where are all these fights and wars among you coming from?
ArenÕt they the result of battles that are being fought in your body parts over [sensual] pleasures?
2 You want, but you canÕt have.
YouÕre jealous and murderous, but that doesnÕt get you anything.
YouÕre fighting and waging war, but you havenÕt received because you havenÕt asked.
3 Then when you do ask, you donÕt receive, because youÕre asking for the wrong reasons, since all that youÕre really interested in is pleasure!

4 Adulteresses, donÕt you know that if youÕre a friend of the world youÕre an enemy of God?
So, whoever wants to be a friend of this world is putting himself down as GodÕs enemy.
5 For what do you think the scripture means that says,
ŌThe spirit within us yearns with envy

6 Now, the loving care that He sends to us is greater than of all that, for we were told:
ŌGod shows loving-care for the lowly, but He opposes the haughty

7 So, letÕs do what God saysÉ resist the Opposer and heÕll run from you!
8 But draw closer to God and HeÕll draw closer to you!

So, wash your hands, you sinners, and those of you that are undecided should purify your hearts!
9 Otherwise youÕll be crying, moaning, and miserableÉ your laughter will be turned into moaning and your joy will be turned into sadness!
10 Yes, humble yourselves in the eyes of the Lord and He will lift you higher!

11 Brothers, stop complaining about each other, because those who speak against or judge their brothers are speaking against and judging the Law.
And if you are judging the Law, you arenÕt someone thatÕs under it, youÕre its judgeÉ
12 And thereÕs just one Lawgiver and Judge that can either save or destroy.
So, who are you to be judging your neighbors?

13 And those of you that say,
ŌToday or tomorrow IÕm going to travel to this city or that, and IÕll spend a year there doing business and making profitsÕÉ
14 You donÕt even know whatÕs going to happen in your life tomorrow, because youÕre just a mist that appears for a little while and then disappears!
15 ShouldnÕt you rather be saying,
ŌIf itÕs JehovahÕs will, I will live and do this or that?Õ

16 But now youÕre taking pride in things that you just assume to be true, and being proud over such things is wickedness.
17 Because, whenever you know whatÕs right and you donÕt do it, thatÕs a sin to you!

Chapter 5

1 So go on, you who are rich; cry and bawl over the miseries that youÕll have to endure!
2 For your wealth will rot away, your clothes will be moth-eaten, 3 your gold and silver will corrode, and whatever remains will testify against you and eat your flesh like the fire that youÕve treasured away for yourselves in the last days.

4 Look! The wages that you refused to pay the workers that harvested your fields are crying out, and the cries of the reapers have reached the ears of Jehovah of Armies.
5 For youÕve lived on the earth just to satisfy yourselvesÉ yes, youÕre nourishing your hearts on self-indulgence for the day of slaughter!
6 And since you even condemned and murdered the Righteous One, wonÕt He stand and oppose you?

7 Brothers, letÕs be patient until the Lord arrives.
{Look!} For as the farmer harvests the precious fruitage of the ground after patiently waiting for both the early and late rains, 8 we must also be patientÉ
But with determined hearts, because the appearance of the Lord is drawing near.

9 Brothers, stop moaning about each other, so you wonÕt be judged.
For lookÉ the judge is now standing at the door!

10 Brothers, you should learn from the examples of the Prophets who spoke in the Name of Jehovah about how to suffer bad things and how to be patient, 11 for we call those that endured, the blest!

YouÕve all heard of the endurance of Job and you saw how the Lord ended itÉ
And this proves that Jehovah is very kind and merciful.

12 But above all, my brothers;
Stop swearing oaths by heaven, or by the earth, or by anything else.
Just let your yes mean yes and your no mean no, so you donÕt fail when youÕre being judged!

13 Are there any among you that are being persecuted? Let them keep on praying!
Are there any among you that are cheerful? Let them sing psalms!
14 Are there any among you that are ill? Let them call the elders and ask them to pray over them, as they rub them with oil in the name of the Lord!
15 Then their faithful prayers will rescue the ill and the Lord will lift them and forgive any sins that theyÕve committed.

16 So, admit your sins to each other and pray that each one of you will be healed, because prayer has a lot of power when itÕs working through righteous people.

17 Remember that EliJah was just a man with passions like ours; but when he prayed and asked for it not to rain, it didnÕt rain in the land for three and a half years.
18 Then when he prayed again, the skies poured with rain, causing the ground to produce its fruitage.

19 My brothers;
Whenever someone is led astray from the truth and someone else leads him back;
20 Recognize that the one who turns the sinner from the error of his ways will save his own life from deathÉ and it will cover many of his own sins as well.

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