From the Greek Septuagint text as used by First Century Christians
This book was written sometime during the mid-7th Century BCE, and it is a proclamation against the Assyrians (the world empire of that period), because he refers to himself as an Elkoshite, which appears to be a reference to the City of Alqosh in Assyria, where the Bible tells us that the ‘lost’ 10 tribes of IsraEl had been relocated by the Assyrians in the 8th Century BCE. It is interesting to note that this is the area where people known as the ‘Kurds’ live today.

Chapter 1

1 The concern over Nineveh. This is the scroll of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

2 Because He is very zealous,
Jehovah will not fail to punish.
In His rage, Jehovah will punish
All those who are standing against Him…
He’ll destroy all those who oppose Him.

3 Jehovah is patient and mighty,
And the [guilty], [He] will not acquit.
His ways are rumbling and final,
And clouds of dust are under His feet.

4 He can squeeze the seas and cause them to dry,
And He can desolate rivers.
This is how BaShan and CarMel were weakened,
And why Lebanon’s blossoms have failed.

5 Before Him, the mountains have shaken,
And [before Him], the hills have all trembled.
They rise at His presence throughout the whole earth,
As do all [the peoples] who dwell there.

6 Before His rage, who can stand…
Yes, who can withstand His anger?
For, sovereign rulers melt at His rage,
And even the rocks split apart.

7 Yet, He’s kind to those who [put faith] in Him
In their day of affliction…
And He knows all those who respect Him.

8 Like a downpour, He wipes away and consumes
All those who’ve been roused [to oppose Him],
And He chases His enemies into the dark.

9 So, against Jehovah, what plans can you make,
For He can wipe you away.
But He will not punish you twice,
Or punish you for the same [errors].

10 His enemy’s [cities], He will lay bare
To their very foundations.
Like twisted yews, they’ll be burned
As though they are very dry stubble.

11 Yet, against Jehovah, you have made plans…
Against Him, you’ve made wicked plans.
12 So Jehovah (who rules all the waters) says this:

‘I will send them away
And they’ll not be heard from again.
13 For I’ll lift their whips from [your backs],
And I’ll remove all their shackles.’

14 It was concerning [the Assyrians], that Jehovah said this:
‘Your name won’t be mentioned again;,
For, I will destroy all your idols
(Those that you molded and carved),
Then a time will be set for your funeral,
Which will arrive very soon.

15 ‘{Look!} Upon the mountains, he’s coming…
The feet of the one who’s announcing good news
And the one with reports about peace!

‘So in Judah, declare a holiday [feast],
And you must get ready to pay all your vows,
So that never again will they enter [your gates],
Nor again, should they see your corruption.’

Chapter 2

1 Now He’s finished [His work] and He has consumed…
This One who came up and breathed in your face…
This One who [sent] affliction to you!

So, watch the roads and [wrap up] your loins…
Be very manly and strong!
2 For Jehovah has taken away
The haughtiness of Jacob’s [tribes],
As well as IsraEl’s insolent ways.

And now, He is ready to shake off
Those who’ve been shaking you,
And He’ll bring their branches to ruin.
3 Under Him, there are men who have weapons,
And who laugh at fire, because of their might.

Their chariots have now been prepared,
And their horsemen will make many wail.
4 Their chariots will wreak havoc along all the roads,
And thereafter, they’ll meet in your squares.

The sight of them is like burning lamps,
And lightning [is found in their wake].

5 So your mighty should now stop and think…
For in the daytime, they’ll flee.
And as they leave, they’ll be feeble,
Then between their walls, they will run
From the troops in the lead that arrive.

6 Then their city gates will be opened wide,
And all their great homes will be ruined…
7 Yes, all their supports will lie bare.

Their [women] will appear with their servants,
And as meek as doves, they’ll be led away
To the flutter of their own beating hearts.

8 Nineveh is a pool amidst waters,
And her men won’t resist, they’ll just flee
When no one is paying attention.

9 So their silver and gold will be looted…
There are no limits to all that they’ll take.
And those looters will then be weighed down
With [the city’s] most desirable things.

10 There’ll be thrusting, shaking, and tumult…
Hearts will be breaking and knees will be weak…
Loins will all become loose,
And all faces will look like burned pots!

11 So, where is this great lion’s den…
Yes, where is the pasture [where she hides] her cubs…
Where has the [great] lion gone?
She’s gone away to be with her cubs
Who ran when there was nothing to fear.

12 She is the same lion that once snatched away
All that her cubs had required.
And for her, the cubs strangled their prey,
Until their den became filled with game…
Their home was filled with the things she had seized.

13 ‘But look!
I’m now the One that’s coming against you,’
Says Jehovah, the Almighty,
‘And all of your army, I’ll burn into smoke.

‘I’ll devour your lions with the broadsword,
And I’ll take all the game from your land,
So that none of the things you’ve accomplished
Will ever be mentioned again.

Chapter 3

1 ‘O you city of blood
And of all that is false and unrighteous;
You’ll no longer be in charge of your game.
2 For the sounds of whips, [you will hear],
Along with the rumble of [chariot] wheels…
The hot pursuits upon horses,
And the dust that they’ll raise with their wheels…
3 The attacks of men riding steeds…
The shine of their swords and the flashing of shields.

‘Great multitudes will be slaughtered;
For a downfall is coming to you.
Unnumbered nations will come there,
And from [looting and rape], they will tire.

4 ‘You’re a whore who once satisfied men,
And in the making of potions, you took the lead.
Then you sold your whoring to the nations,
And your potions, you sold to their tribes.

5 ‘So look… I’m the One who’s against you,’
Says Jehovah the Almighty!
‘I will uncover your backside,
And show all the nations your shame…
Other kingdoms will see your dishonor!

6 ‘Because of all your uncleanness,
I’ll bring what’s disgusting upon you…
Yes, I’ll use you as an example.

7 ‘Then, all who see you will leave you and say,
O Nineveh, you wretched one;
Who will now mourn over you,
And where can they search to send comfort?

8 ‘So, tune up the strings of your lyres,
And prepare your potions for Amun
([Your God] who inhabits the rivers);
For your walls are surrounded by water,
From which you have ruled all the way to the sea.

9 ‘Though Ethiopia and Egypt have served as your strength,
They’ll [be no help] when you’re taken away…
There’ll just be Libya and the Sudan
Who will come to your aid.

10 ‘Your [people] will be captured and taken to exile,
And your infant’s [heads] will be dashed on the walls.
For your honorable things, they’ll cast lots,
As your great men are tethered and bound.

11 ‘So, you’ll be provoked and get drunk,
As you seek shelter from your enemies.
12 But what will happen to those in your forts,
Is the same as what will happen to you.

‘For, you will then be the fruit…
And when they start shaking the [tree],
You will fall into the mouths
Of those who have come to consume you.

13 ‘{Look!} Your enemies view you as women,
So they’ll burn the bars off your gates
And open the doors throughout your land!

14 ‘Then you’ll have to draw water from your rivers
To rescue all of your burning forts!
So, you should tread mortar and mix it with straw…
Then make it stronger with bricks!
15 For fire and the sword will destroy you…
They will consume you like locusts,
And by grasshoppers, you’ll be oppressed.

16 ‘Though you once grew your trade higher
Than all the stars in the skies;
Grasshoppers are coming to spread [over you]…
17 Small locusts will leap and consume,
And cover your fences like frost.
Then, as the sun rises, they’ll just hop away…
And woe, because you won’t know where they’ve gone!

18 ‘And you, O Assyria’s king;
All of your shepherds have fallen asleep
And all your mighty are resting.
Your people [have fled] to the mountains,
And no one is searching for them.
19 Thus, there’ll be no one to heal your destruction,
And your wounds will soon be inflamed.

‘Yet those hearing the message about you
Are all now all clapping their hands…
For to them, you have done evil things.’

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