Written to the congregation in Galatia, Asia Minor by or for the Apostle Paul (likely in Aramaic) about 50-CE.

Chapter 1

1 From Paul (who was appointed an Apostle not by a man nor through a man, but through Jesus the Anointed One and by God the Father who raised [Jesus] from the dead) 2 as well as from all the brothers who are with me, to the congregations of Galatia; 3 May you receive loving care and peace from God (our Father), and from the Lord Jesus the Anointed OneÉ 4 the one who gave himself for our sins to save us from this wicked age because it was the Will of our God and Father, 5 to whom all glory belongs through the ages of agesÉ may it be so.

6 IÕm amazed that youÕre so quickly making the change from the One who called you by the loving care of the Anointed One to a different type of good news. 7 It really isnÕt another [good news], itÕs just that certain ones among you are causing problems and have changed the good news about the Anointed One. 8 However, if we or even a messenger from heaven were to come preaching something to you as good news other than the good news that weÕve already preached to you; let him be cursed! 9 Let me say it again. Whoever preaches good news to you other than what youÕve already believed; let him be cursed!

10 Indeed, whose approval do you think I am presently seeking; do I wish to please God or men? Well, even if [I were trying to please] men, I would be servant of the Anointed One anyhow. 11 So I want you to understand this, brothers: The good news that I preached as good news didnÕt come from men, 12 because I didnÕt get it from men, nor did any man teach it [to me]. [It came] through a revelation from Jesus the Anointed One.

13 YouÕve heard about the way that I used to act [while I was involved] in Judaism, for I fanatically persecuted the congregation of God and I was destroying it. 14 [I did this because] I was more advanced in Judaism than many others of my own age and race, and I was far more zealous for the traditions of my ancestors. 15 But when The God who took me from my motherÕs womb called [me] through His loving care 16 to reveal His Son through me so that I could preach the good news about him to the gentiles; I didnÕt look for the advice of flesh and blood, 17 nor did I go to Jerusalem to see those who became Apostles before me. Rather I went off to Arabia, and after that I returned to Damascus. 18 In fact I didnÕt go up to Jerusalem until some three years later, when I went to visit Cephas (Peter) and I stayed with him for fifteen days. 19 However I didnÕt see any of the rest of the ApostlesÉ just the LordÕs brother James.

20 Look! IÕm not lying to you about any of the things that IÕm writing in the sight of God!

21 Then after that, I traveled to the provinces of Syria and KilikiaÉ 22 so those who were called by the Anointed One in Judea wouldnÕt have recognized my face. 23 All they heard about me was that, ŌThe man who used to persecute us is now preaching the good news about the same faith that he once tried to destroy.Õ 24 So they glorified God because of me.

Chapter 2

1 Then after fourteen years, I finally went to Jerusalem again, taking BarNabas and Titus along with me. 2 And the reason why I went then was because of a revelation [that I had received]. And while I was there, I explained to the prominent ones about how I had been preaching to the gentilesÉ however I did this privately, for fear that somehow I had been running in vain. 3 Yet, although Titus (who was with me) was a Greek, they didnÕt force him to get circumcised then. 4 However, they did bring in some false brothers who looked down on the freedom we have in the Anointed Jesus and who wanted to make us their slaves. 5 But we didnÕt give in to them, not even for an instant, so that the truth of the good news might continue among you!

6 And when it came to those who seemed to be important (whatever they used to be makes no difference to me, because God doesnÕt go by what a man appears to be on the outside), they didnÕt show me anything new. 7 In fact, it was just the opposite; for when they saw that I had been entrusted with the good news to the uncircumcised as Peter is to those who are circumcised 8 (since the one who gave Peter the powers of an Apostleship to the circumcised also gave me such powers for the gentiles)É 9 yes, when they came to know of the loving care that had been shown to me, James, Cephas, and John (the ones who seemed to be the pillars) gave BarNabas and I their approval to go to the nations, while they would go to the circumcised. 10 They just told me to remember the poor, and IÕve tried hard to do that.

11 Then when Cephas (Peter) came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, since I knew that he was wrong. 12 Because, before certain men who came from James arrived, he used to eat with the gentiles. But after they arrived, he stopped associating [with them] and [started acting like a Jew] in fear of those who were circumcised. 13 As the result, all the rest of the Jews also joined in this performance, even influencing BarNabas to join in this hypocrisy! 14 So when I saw that they werenÕt following the path of the truth of the good news, I said to Cephas there in front of everyone: ŌIf you are a Jew who lives as the gentiles do, not as Jews do, then why are you forcing gentiles to act like Jews? 15 For those of us who are natural Jews (not sinners from the nations) 16 know that a man isnÕt called righteous because of following the Law, but because of his faith in the Anointed Jesus. Even we had to put faith in the Anointed Jesus so we could be called righteous by our faith in himÉ not by following the Law, for no flesh will be declared righteous by following the Law!

17 ŌNow, if we are seeking to be called righteous through the Anointed One and we are still found to be sinners; is the Anointed One just a servant to sin? May that never be so! 18 Yet if I'm found rebuilding the things that I once tore down, this proves that I'm still a sinner!

19 'As for me; I died to the Law so that I could become alive to God. 20 Yes, I was hung on a pole along with the Anointed One! Therefore, I'm no longer the one thatÕs aliveÉ it's the Anointed One who is living within me. So the life that IÕm now living in the flesh is being lived for the Son of God, who loved me and handed himself over for me. 21 Therefore, IÕm not going to push aside the loving care of God. For if righteousness comes through the Law, then the Anointed One died in vain.Õ

Chapter 3

1 O you foolish GalatiansÉ yes, you whose eyes have seen what was written about Jesus the Anointed One being impaled. Who has cast this evil spell over you? 2 I just want to ask you this one thing: Did you receive [God's] Spirit because you were obeying the Law, or because you believed in the things that [you] heard?

3 Are you really so foolish? Did you start out in the Spirit just to end up in the flesh, 4 and did you go through so much suffering for no reason? For if there really wasnÕt any reason for your doing that; 5 then did the One who gave you His Spirit and who performs powerful works through you do this because youÕre obeying the Law, or because you put faith in the things that you heard?

6 Remember that AbraHam was considered righteous because he put his faith in Jehovah! 7 So donÕt you know that all who have such faith are the sons of AbraHam?

8 Why, the reason why God gave the good news to AbraHam was because He saw ahead of time that He would be calling gentiles righteous due to their faith. For He said, ŌAll the nations will be blest because of you.Õ 9 Therefore, those who have such faith are being blest along with faithful AbraHam!

10 Now, everyone who is under the Law is under a curse, because itÕs written: ŌAny man who doesn't observe and obey all the words of this Law is cursed!.Õ 11 So itÕs obvious that no one is called righteous before God because of obeying the Law, ŌFor it's by their faith that the righteous will live

12 However, the Law really doesnÕt have anything to do with faith; rather, obeying [the Law] is just a lifestyle. 13 And the Anointed One bought our freedom from the LawÕs curse by becoming a curse on our behalf. For it's written: ŌAnyone who is hanged on a tree is cursed before God.Õ 14 Therefore, the reason why this happened to him was so that the blessing of AbraHam could come through Jesus the Anointed One, and so that the gentiles could receive the promised SpiritÉ which [we in received] because of our faith!

15 Brothers, allow me to explain this in human terms: Nobody can change or destroy a valid agreement between men. 16 And notice that the promise was given to 'AbraHam and his seed.Õ It doesnÕt say, Ōto his seeds,Õ as though there were many of them, but to just one, Ōhis seed,Õ who is the Anointed One!

17 Moreover, I tell you that the Sacred Agreement that had been confirmed by The God some four hundred and thirty years earlier and from which the Law came, didn't supercede the promise that He gave [to AbraHam]. 18 So if we could only receive the inheritance by [following] the Law, it couldnÕt have come from the promise. [Yet, notice that] God granted this favor to AbraHam as a promise.

19 So, why [do we have] the Law? It was added to show us what sin was before the seed (the one about whom the promise was given) would arrive. And this was entrusted to the hands of a mediator by [heavenly] messengers. 20 However, thereÕs no need for a mediator when only one person is involvedÉ and God is just oneÉ [for it was just a promise].

21 Then did the Law override GodÕs promise [to AbraHam]? May that never be so! For if the Law had been provided to give [people] life, then the result of following the Law would be righteousness. 22 However, following these scriptures just locked everyone up in sin, so that the promise might be given to those who believe through their faith in Jesus the Anointed One.

23 Yes, before faith arrived, we were all locked up and in prison to the Law until the things that have to do with faith were revealed. 24 So the Law was just the tutor that led us to the Anointed One and [to the promise] that we could be counted as righteous by our faith. 25 Therefore, now that the faith has arrived, we donÕt need the tutor anymore!

26 The fact is, youÕve all become sons of God through your faith in the Anointed Jesus. 27 Indeed, all who are baptized into the Anointed One have put on the Anointed One. 28 So there are no more Jews or Greeks, slaves or freemen, males or females, because youÕre all in the Anointed Jesus. 29 And if you belong to the Anointed One; as the promise told us, youÕre AbraHam's seed and his heirs!

Chapter 4

1 Now, let me say this: As long as the heir is a baby, he isnÕt any different from a slave. For although heÕs the master of everything, 2 heÕs still under those who are in charge and under the manager of the house until a day arrives that is set by his father. 3 And thatÕs how it used to be with us. Back when we were [spiritual] babies, we were slaves to the elementary things of this world. 4 But when the time arrived, God sent his Son (who was under the Law and came through a woman) 5 so he could buy those who were under the Law and adopt them as His sons. 6 And now that youÕre [His] sons, God has sent the spirit of His Son into our hearts, where it calls out, ŌPapaÉ Father!Õ 7 So youÕre no longer slaves but sons. And as sons, you're also heirs through God!

8 Why, back when you didnÕt know God, you were slaves to those who really arenÕt gods. 9 But now that youÕve come to know God (or rather, now that God has come to know you), why are you turning back to those weak and sorry rulesÉ why do you want to become slaves to them once again? 10 For you've [gone back to] the observance of days, months, seasons, and yearsÉ 11 so IÕm afraid that all the work IÕve done on your behalf has been wasted!

12 Brothers, I beg you to become like me, because I used to be just like you! YouÕve never done me any wrong, 13 and you surely recognized that I had a severe fleshly weakness when I preached the good news to you the first time. 14 But even though this problem must have created difficulties for you, you didnÕt treat it with contempt or spit on it in disgust. Rather, you received me like a messenger from GodÉ like the Anointed Jesus.

15 So, where is all the joy that you [once] had? I can testify to the fact that if it had been possible, you would have taken out your own eyes and given them to me! 16 But have I now become your enemy because I'm telling you the truth?

17 However, [there are those who are now] zealously chasing after you for wrong reasonsÉ for they want to snip you off and make you their zealous followers. 18 And itÕs good for you to always be zealously chased after (and not just when IÕm with you), as long as itÕs for a good purpose.

19 O my little children; IÕm enduring childbirth pains again until the Anointed One becomes strong in you. 20 I wish that I could be there with you right now and talk to you in a different tone of voiceÉ but I just donÕt know how to help you!

21 So tell me this, those of you who want to be under the Law: DonÕt you hear what the Law says? 22 It was written that AbraHam had two sons, one by the slave girl and the other by the free woman. 23 The one who came through the slave girl was born in the flesh, but the other ([the one who came] through the free woman) [was born] through a promise. 24 So understand that this story is symbolic. For the two [women] symbolize two sacred agreements. [The first] one (Hagar) came from Mount Sinai and bore children into slavery. 25 So this Hagar means Sinai (a mountain in Arabia), and she symbolizes JeruSalem today who is in slavery with her children. 26 But the JeruSalem above is free, and she is our mother. 27 For itÕs written:
ŌSo be glad, all you who are sterile,
And yell, O you who did not give birthÉ
O you, the one without birth pains!
For the children of the barren will be manyÉ
Yes, more than those who have [their own] man!Õ

28 So brothers; we are now children of the promise the same as IsaAc was. 29 And just as the one who was born in the flesh started persecuting the one who was born through the SpiritÉ thatÕs whatÕs happening now! 30 What do the Scriptures say? ŌDrive out the slave girl and her son, because the son of the slave girl will never be an heir with the son of the free woman!Õ

31 Therefore, brothers; We arenÕt the children of a slave girl, but of the free woman!

Chapter 5

1 Understand that the Anointed One set us free so we can truly be free! Therefore, we should be standing erect and not allowing ourselves to be put under the yoke of slavery again!

2 Look! I (Paul) am telling you that if you get circumcised, the Anointed One wonÕt be of any use to you! 3 And I again testify to every man who gets circumcised, that heÕs thereafter obligated to obey the whole Law.

4 So those of you who are trying to be called righteous by the Law have voided the Anointed One, and you have fallen away from his loving care. 5 Indeed, it's by the spirit of faith that we are eagerly awaiting the hope of [being counted as] righteous! 6 So neither circumcision nor uncircumcision have any value to the Anointed JesusÉ just faith that is motivated by love!

7 Now, since you've been running so well; who is it that's trying to keep you from obeying the truth? 8 Ideas like this arenÕt coming from the One who is calling you; 9 rather, it's coming from 'a little bit yeast' that has started 'fermenting the whole ball [of dough].' 10 For IÕm confident that you who are in the Lord wouldnÕt have even thought of such a thing. So the one who is causing all this agitation will have to face judgment, no matter who he may be!

11 Brothers; if I were preaching circumcision, then why would I be persecutedÉ since the impaling pole wouldnÕt be a snare anymore! 12 Oh, I wish that those who are stirring you up would cut on themselves!

13 You were called to be free, brothers! So donÕt use this freedom to serve your flesh; rather, use it to slave for each other in love!

14 Understand that the entire Law is fulfilled in the words, ŌYou must love your neighbor as yourself.Õ 15 However, if you keep on snapping at each other and chewing each other up; be careful that you donÕt swallow each other down!

16 I tell you this: If you are walking by Spirit, you wonÕt do any of the things that your flesh desires. 17 For what the flesh wants is at odds with what the Spirit wants, and the Spirit is at odds with the fleshÉ they are in opposition to each other, keeping you from doing the things that you may wish to do! 18 But if you are being led by Spirit, you arenÕt under the Law!

19 Now, the things that the flesh does are known. They include sexual immorality, uncleanness, lewdness, 20 idol worshiping, involvement in the occult, hatreds, quarreling, jealousy, anger, selfishness, divisions, sects, 21 envying, getting drunk, wild partying, and things like that. IÕm warning you now as IÕve warned you before that those who do such things wonÕt inherit GodÕs Kingdom.

22 However, the fruitage of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, caring, goodness, faith, 23 reasonableness, and self-controlÉ and there are no laws against such things. 24 So those who belong to the Anointed Jesus have hung their flesh on the pole along with its passions and desires. 25 And if we are living by Spirit, we need to walk in [the ways of the] SpiritÉ 26 we shouldnÕt be conceited, or challenging or envying each other!

Chapter 6

1 Brothers, if someone ever gets caught up in doing bad things, those of you who are spiritual should try to restore that person in a reasonable way, as you keep an eye on yourselves so you arenÕt tempted also. 2 And if you'll carry each otherÕs loads, youÕll fulfill the law of the Anointed One. 3 But if anyone thinks heÕs something when heÕs nothing, heÕs just fooling himself. 4 Therefore, let us each prove [the value] of what we're doing to ourselves first, and maybe this will give us grounds for boasting to ourselvesÉ but not to other people. 5 For each of us has to carry our own load.

6 Also, may those who are being taught the Word share the good things they have with those who are doing the teaching.

7 Now, donÕt make any mistake when it comes to this, for you canÕt mock God! Whatever a person is planting is what heÕs going to harvest. 8 So if heÕs planting [the desires] of his own flesh, he will harvest decay from the flesh. But if heÕs planting things that have to do with [GodÕs] Breath, heÕll harvest age-long life.

9 Therefore, letÕs not misbehaveÉ letÕs keep on doing whatÕs right until that time arrives, because weÕll harvest what we deserve if we donÕt tire out. 10 And until then, we should be doing good things for everyoneÉ and especially for those who are related to us in the Faith.

11 Look at these large letters that I have written with my own hand!

12 Now, those who are urging you to get circumcised are appealing to your fleshly nature. [And the reason why they're doing this] is so that they wonÕt be persecuted over the impaling pole of the Anointed Jesus. 13 Therefore, despite the fact that they fail to obey the Law themselves, they want you to get circumcised so they can have reasons to boast over your flesh! 14 However, may I never find myself boasting over anything other than the impaling pole of our Lord Jesus the Anointed One; for to me, the whole world has been hung on a pole through himÉ as I have been to this world.

15 Understand that circumcision isnÕt anythingÉ nor is uncircumcision. Rather, [what matters is becoming] a new creation!

16 May peace and mercy be on all those who walk in line with this rule, and upon the IsraEl of God.

17 Finally, let no one undermine my work, because I have the brand of Jesus on my body.

18 May the loving care of our Lord Jesus the Anointed One be with you, my brothers. May it be so!

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