1 Timothy

A letter from Paul to Timothy, which is thought to have been written (possibly in Aramaic) around 62-CE.


1 Paul, an Apostle of the Anointed Jesus by the authorization of God our Savior and of the Anointed Jesus [who is] our hope; 2 to Timothy, a genuine child in the faith. May you find loving care, mercy, and peace from God the Father and [from] the Anointed Jesus, our Lord.

3 [Please] stay in Ephesus as I had encouraged you to do, while I travel on to Macedonia. For I want you to give orders to some who are there not to be teaching anything different 4 or paying attention to myths and genealogies, because thereÕs no end to these things, and such research detracts from the job of serving the needs of the Faith in the household of God. 5 Rather, what I want you to [encourage them to do] is to love [each other] with a clean heart and a good conscience, and to develop a faith that isnÕt judgmental. 6 For because of what they are teaching, some are being misled into foolish discussions. 7 And though they want to be teachers of the Law, they donÕt have any idea what theyÕre talking about, and they don't understand the effects that all of this will have.

8 Now, we know that the Law is goodÉ as long as itÕs used for legal purposes. 9 But recognize that the Law wasnÕt laid out for the righteous, but for the lawless and undisciplined, the godless and sinners, the disloyal and unclean, those who would slap their fathers and mothers, the murderers, 10 the sexually immoral, the men who have sex with men, the presumptuous, the liars and promise breakers, and all the rest who go against the wholesome teachings 11 that come from the glorious good news that our Blest God has entrusted to us.

12 I am so grateful to the Anointed Jesus (our Lord) who has considered me faithful, given me this authority, and made me his servant 13 [despite the fact that] I used to be a slanderer, a persecutor, and an arrogant man. However, I was just ignorant and I acted [that way] because I didnÕt believeÉ and then I was shown mercy 14 by the loving kindness of our Lord, through the faith and love of the Anointed Jesus.

15 Therefore, when we say that the Anointed Jesus came into the world to save sinners; these words are faithful and deserve to be believed, because I was the foremost of them! 16 And the reason why I was shown mercy was so that the Anointed Jesus might demonstrate all of his patience and use me as a prime example of someone who can still put faith in him and receive age-long life. 17 So, to the King of the Ages [who is] incorruptible and invisible (the only God), may there be honor and glory into the ages of agesÉ may it be so!

18 Now, this is the responsibility that IÕm laying on you, my son Timothy: As the prophecies about you foretold (that you would be a soldier in a good war); 19 hang onto your faith and good conscienceÉ for some have pushed theirs aside and experienced shipwreck. 20 This includes Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom IÕve handed over to the Opposer so they can be taught not to blaspheme.

Chapter 2

1 First, IÕm encouraging you to beg for, to pray for, to ask on behalf of, and to give thanks for all sorts of men 2 (for kings and for all those in high offices) so that we can just go on living a calm and quiet life, devoutly and seriously; 3 for this is something that is good and acceptable in the eyes of our Savior God, 4 because He wants all men to be saved and to come to a complete knowledge of the truth.

5 Understand that thereÕs just one God, and thereÕs just one mediator between God and men ([who was] a man), the Anointed Jesus. 6 For he offered himself as the ransom price on behalf of everyone at just the right time in proof of this. 7 Yes, this is the reason why I was made a preacher, an Apostle (IÕm not lying, IÕm telling the truth), and a teacher to the gentiles about the Faith and the Truth! 8 So I am praying that all men everywhere might raise their hands in holiness and set aside their anger and their arguments.

9 (Questionable verses:) Likewise, all women should dress themselves modestly and adorn themselves sensibly, not with fancy hairstyles or in gold and pearls or expensive clothes, 10 but in ways befitting women who have promised to worship God and to do everything thatÕs good. 11 Yes, the women should learn quietly and obediently, 12 for I donÕt allow them to teach or to act independently from men, but to [listen] quietlyÉ 13 because Adam was created first, then Eve. 14 Also, Adam wasnÕt deceived, but the woman was thoroughly deceived and went beyond [what she was told]. 15 However, [the women] will be kept safe through childbirth as long as they remain in the Faith in love, holiness, and sensibleness.

Chapter 3

1 You can believe that when anyone is reaching out to be an overseer, heÕs looking for good work. 2 However, an overseer must be [someone who] has not been charged [with misconduct]É a one-woman man who is moderate in habits, sensible, orderly, friendly to strangers, and a teacher. 3 He shouldn't be someone who drinks a lot of wine or is quarrelsome, but [someone who is] gentle and peaceable, and not a lover of money. 4 He should also be managing his own family and have children who obey him in all dignity. 5 For if any man doesnÕt know how to manage his own house, how can he care for the congregation of God?

6 He must not be a newly-converted man, for fear that he might become too proud and fall into the judgment of the Slanderer. 7 And those outside [of the congregation] should also speak well of him, so he doesnÕt fall into reproach and the snare of the Slanderer.

8 Likewise, the servants should also be serious, not deceitful or excessive drinkers, and not looking for easy money, 9 but those who hold the mystery of the faith with a clean conscience. 10 Let them prove themselves first, and if they do well, you may allow them to serve.

11 Women should also be serious and not slanderous, but moderate in their habits and faithful in everything.

12 Servants should be one-woman men who are managing their own households and children well. 13 Indeed, those who serve well will acquire for themselves confidence and a good standing in the faith that is in the Anointed Jesus.

14 IÕm writing these things to you, although IÕm hoping to come to you shortly. 15 However, just in case IÕm delayed, youÕll know how you should conduct yourself in GodÕs household (the Congregation of the living God) as a pillar and supporter of the truth.

16 Admittedly, this sacred [thing that we are] devoted to is a great mystery. For he was shown in the flesh, was found righteous in spirit, was seen by [God's] messengers, was preached about among the nations, was believed in the world, and was taken up in glory.Õ

Chapter 4

1 However, the Spirit definitely says that some will leave the faith in the future and pay attention to wicked spirits and the teachings of demons, 2 as well as to hypocritical men who are liars and whose consciences are seared as with branding irons. 3 These will forbid marriage and the eating of food that God created to be eaten appreciatively by all those who have faith and who understand the truth. 4 For everything that God created is good, and nothing should be thrown away. So if we thank Him for it, 5 it becomes holy by what we say to God in our prayers.

6 So if you'll explain these things to the brothers, youÕll prove yourself a fine servant of the Anointed Jesus, and [youÕll] grow strong on the words of the Faith and the fine teachings that youÕre following so closely.

7 You must avoid worldly fables and old-wives tales, and train yourself to be a truly reverent person! 8 For though physical exercise does a little good, learning [Godly] reverence is good for all things, because it holds the promise of life both now and into that which is coming. 9 Yes, what I'm saying is trustworthy and deserves [your special] attention, 10 for this is why weÕve been struggling and working so hard, as we've continued to put faith in a living God who is the Savior of all men (but mostly of the faithful).

11 So, instruct and teachÉ 12 and donÕt allow anyone to look down on you because youÕre young. Rather, become an example to the faithful in what you say, in what you do, in your love, in your faith, and in your purity!

13 Until I get there, work at public reading, at giving council, and on your teaching ability. 14 DonÕt be careless with the gift in you that was given through prophecy when the elders laid their hands on you. 15 Think hard on these thingsÉ get wrapped up in them, so that everyone can see the progress youÕre making. 16 Pay close attention to yourself and to your teaching, and stick with it; for if you do that, you'll save both yourself and those who are listening to you!

Chapter 5

1 DonÕt be too harsh with older menÉ speak to them as you would to fathers, to younger men as to brothers, 2 to older women as to mothers, and to younger women as sisters, with all purity.

3 Show honor to the widows who are really living as widows. 4 However, if a widow has children or grandchildren; let them first learn the lesson of how to show deep respect inside their own families by paying what they owe to their parents and grandparentsÉ for in GodÕs sight, that's the right thing to do.

5 Now, an actual widow who has been left on her own puts her hope in God, so she keeps begging to [God] in her prayers both night and day. 6 But [the widow] who lives for herself and for pleasure is already dead while she's still alive.

7 Yes, keep on telling them this, so theyÕll be found blameless: 8 'If you donÕt provide for [those who are] your own (especially for those in your own households), you have denied the faith and you are worse than an unbeliever!'

9 Put a widow on the list if:
á SheÕs more than sixty years old
á SheÕs had just one husband
á SheÕs done good things that can be attested to
á SheÕs raised children
á SheÕs been hospitable
á SheÕs washed the feet of the Holy Ones
á SheÕs provided for those in difficulty
á SheÕs followed the course of doing all sorts of good deeds.

11 On the other hand, turn down younger widows. For when they feel the need, they leave the Anointed One because they want to marryÉ 12 and theyÕre judged for this, because they set aside the faith that they had at first, 13 while learning wasteful habits such as going around and doing a lot of visiting. They not only waste time, they also gossip, meddle in other peopleÕs affairs, and talk about things that they shouldnÕt. 14 I prefer to see younger widows marry, have children, and manage a home. That way, the Opposer isnÕt given something over which he can gleefully gloat. 15 Yet, some of them have already returned to following the Slanderer.

16 So if any believing woman has a widow [in her family], she should take care of this herself, so the congregation wonÕt have to handle the burden. That way, [the congregation] can help those [who are really in need].

17 Let the elders who take the lead in a fine way be considered worthy of a double honorÉ especially those who work hard at speaking and teaching. 18 For the Scriptures tell us: ÔYou shouldnÕt muzzle a bull when itÕs threshing grain,Õ and, ÔA worker deserves his pay.Õ 19 [Nor should you] accept an accusation against an elder unless there are two or three witnesses. 20 However, you should expose those who are guilty of sins before all onlookers, so the rest will also be in fear.

21 Before God, the Anointed Jesus, and the chosen messengers, I solemnly charge you to do these things! However, donÕt make a judgment before you've heard all the evidence, and never decide because youÕre biased one way or the other. 22 Also, don't be too quick to lay your hands on any man [to appoint him to a responsibility], so you arenÕt found to be a sharer in the sins of others. Keep yourself pure!

23 And don't just drink water, but take a little wine for the sake of your stomach and for your frequent illnesses.

24 [Remember that] the sins of some men are done in the open and lead directly to judgment. However, the [sins] of the rest will eventually become known. 25 For just as many good deeds become widely known, [sins] canÕt be kept hidden either.

Chapter 6

1 Those who are in bondage as slaves should treat their masters as worthy of all honor, so the Name of God and our teachings wonÕt be slandered. 2 And those who have believing owners shouldnÕt think less of them because they are brothers. Rather, let them really serve them as slaves, because those who work hard are considered faithful and are loved in return. Keep on teaching these things and giving this encouragement!

3 Now, if anyone is teaching something different and doesnÕt follow these life-giving words (which are those of our Lord Jesus the Anointed One), or doesnÕt teach deep respect for God, 4 heÕs just blowing smoke, he doesnÕt understand anything well, and he has become mentally diseased with doubts and debates over wordsÉ the results of which are envying, arguing, slandering, wicked suspicions, 5 and Ômaking mountains out of mole hills.Õ They are men with corrupt minds that have been robbed of the truthÉ and they're also those who say that we should earn a profit from this worship.

6 Yes, we do gain much profit from this worshipÉ that is, if we pay our own way. 7 For none of us brought anything into the world and we canÕt carry anything out. 8 So if we have enough to eat and enough to wear, we should be satisfied with that. 9 However, those who want to be rich fall into temptation, snares, and many foolish and damaging desires, which drag men down into destruction and ruinÉ 10 for the love of money is the root of everything thatÕs bad, and when some have reached out for it, they were led away from the faith and into error, stabbing themselves all over and causing themselves a lot of pain.

11 But you, O man of God; flee from these things and pursue righteousness, reverence, faith, love, endurance, and inner strength. 12 Wrestle the fine match of the faith and put on the age-long life to which you were called to and about which you offered such a fine confession before so many witnesses!

13 IÕm ordering you in the sight of The God through whom all lives may be saved and of the Anointed Jesus who gave such a fine confession before Pontius Pilate, 14 to obey these instructions flawlessly and blamelessly until the appearance of our Lord Jesus the Anointed One! 15 For he will appear at his own set timeÉ this praised and only sovereign; the King of those who rule as kings and Lord of those who rule as lords; 16 the one who alone has immortality and who lives in unapproachable light; the one whom no man has seen or can see. May he have honor and age-long powerÉ may it be so!

17 Give orders to those who are rich in this age not to think too much of themselves and not to trust in their wealth (which is fickle), but in God who brings [the type of] wealth to us that we can truly enjoy. 18 [Teach them to] work at being good, to be rich in good deeds, and to be generous and ready to share, 19 as they safely store away for themselves the treasures of a fine foundation in that which is coming, so they can put on the real life.

20 O Timothy; Guard this hope and turn away from all the worldly babbling, as well as all that is falsely called 'knowledge;' 21 for it's through [such things] that some who once showed promise in the faith have been turned aside.

May [GodÕs] loving care be with you.

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