From the Greek Septuagint text as was used by First Century Christians
A poem or song written by Solomon about 1000-BCE.

Chapter 1

1 These are the sayings of the great congregator, the son of David, the king of IsraEl in JeruSalem.

2 'All is foolishness and waste,'
Said he, the great congregator.
'Foolishness and waste… all that's done is in vain.
3 What value does man gain from the things he has done,
And the things he's worked hard for under the sun?'

4 For, one generation passes away,
And then another arrives…
Yet the earth remains through the ages.
5 The sun keeps on rising and setting
As it draws to it's place,
6 And the winds blow in from the south,
As they move to the north in a circle…
Then they go back and come 'round again.

7 Though all the rivers flow into the sea,
The sea does not become filled.
For, to the places from which they all came,
They return and flow back again.

8 So, no man can speak all the words he might say,
Nor can his eyes be filled with all he can see,
And his ears can't handle all he can hear.

9 What is this thing that [just] happened?
The same thing will happen again!
What is this thing being done?
The same will be done in the future…
For there's nothing that's new under the sun!

10 Who can say, 'Look, here's something new!'
For the same thing has happened for ages
To those who have lived before us.
11 But the things that they did were forgotten,
And those who are born in the future
Won't remember the things that we're doing now.

12 The great congregator is the king
Over all of IsraEl from JeruSalem.
13 So I set my heart to survey and inquire
About all that has happened under the sky.
God gave me this to distract me from bad,
And to lead sons of men back to Him.

14 I've seen all that's done under the sun,
And I find it to be a waste of [good] breath.
15 For, things that go wrong are never made right,
And there's too much that’s wrong to be counted.

16 Once I spoke in my heart and I said:
'Look how great I've become!
For, I've been given more wisdom
Than all who have lived before me!’

So, I set my heart to learn wisdom and knowledge;
17 And wisdom and knowledge, my heart then beheld,
As well as higher learning and proverbs.

It became the resolve of my spirit
18 To gain an abundance of wisdom,
Along with vast volumes of knowledge.
But, those who gain knowledge also gain pain.

Chapter 2

1 Then I said to my heart, 'Well come now;
I'll [fill] you with joy and then you'll know good!'
But, even that was just folly.

2 To laughter, I said, 'You're a burden!'
And to joy, I asked, 'What have you achieved?'
3 So I thought in my heart,
'I will drink wine for my flesh!'
But my heart then led me toward wisdom.

Next, I decided to hold onto joy
Until I could see just what kind of good
4 There is to be found among sons of men,
And what they can do in their short days of life.

4 So thereafter, I went into action…
I planted vineyards and built many homes.
5 I made myself gardens and parks,
Which I planted with all sorts of fruit.
6 Around them, I dug ponds and lakes
To water the groves filled with trees.
7 I acquired many slaves (both women and men),
And many native servants were born.

I also acquired great herds and flocks…
More than all who had come before me.
8 I collected much silver and gold for myself…
The possessions of kings and estates.

I prepared for myself many singers…
Men and women were brought to amuse me.
I had men and women who just served me wine;
9 Then, I became great as my wisdom increased
(More than all who had come before me);
And indeed, my wisdom was proven.

10 Everything that I could ask for
Was there in front of my eyes,
And no joy was withheld from my heart.
But, though these efforts of my heart brought me joy;
This was the sum of all I'd achieved.

11 For, when I looked at the things I had done,
And the things that I'd made with my hands…
When I considered the effort it took,
I saw that it all was just folly.
Since, no matter what our spirits may choose to do;
It brings no advantage under the sun.

12 So thereafter, I examined my wisdom,
And I saw that it too was just folly.
For who under the sun will follow my words…
Which man will do [what I've said]?
And though the wise may have eyes in their heads,
The fools will still travel in darkness.

I also realized that both them and I
Will eventually all meet together.
15 So, in my heart I said this:
'Since the fate of fools will also take me;
What value is there in my wisdom?'

And I also said this in my heart:
'The things that I've said about being a fool
Are also just [wasted breath];
16 For, both the wise the fools are forgotten,
And what they do will not be remembered.
So, how are the wise any better than fools?'

17 Then, I became disgusted with life;
For, all that I've done under the sun
Will eventually end up as bad…
It is all foolish and a waste [of good] breath.

18 I became disgusted with all of the things
That I had accomplished under the sun,
For I'll leave it to the one who comes next…
19 And who knows if he's wise or another poor fool…
Who knows if he'll care for the things I have made,
Or all the things I've discerned under the sun?
So, all of this is just folly!

20 Thus, I turned to dismiss from my heart
All the results of my efforts,
And all that I'd made under the sun.

21 There's a man who worked hard to gain wisdom,
As well as knowledge and courage.
But there's also a man who made no such effort,
And he will receive the same fate.
So, this is a great wicked folly.

22 What happens to a man and his efforts,
And the resolves of his heart under the sun?
23 During all of his days there is pain,
And rage over things that are being destroyed;
So, during the night, his heart knows no rest…
Indeed, this too is just folly.

24 Nothing worthwhile comes to a man
But eating, drinking, and searching for good…
These things come from God's hand;
25 For without Him, who's able to eat or to drink?

26 To those whom He declares to be good,
He gives wisdom, knowledge, and joy…
But, from the sinners, He rips this away!
They're just given to those whom He deems to be good,
And who stand before the face of [our] God.
Yet, this is also just folly,
And just a waste of [good] breath.

Chapter 3

1 For all that's under the sky
There is a season and time…
2 There are times to give birth and times that bring death;
There are times to plant and to harvest;
3 There are times to destroy and do healing;
There are times to build and times to tear down;
4 There are times to laugh and to cry;
There are times for mourning and dancing;
5 There are times to pick up and times to throw stones;
There are times to hug and times to push away;
6 There are times to lose and to find;
There are times to collect and discard;
7 There are times to plant and times to rip out;
There are times to speak and times to be quiet;
8 There are times to love and times to show hate;
There are times for peace and for war…
9 So, what can your efforts accomplish?

10 I've seen the amusements God's given
To the sons of men to distract them… 
11 All that God's made is good in its time.
But, though He's put the ages into our hearts,
No man can know all that we've done
From the most ancient times to the present.

13 So once that a man has it all
(All that he needs to eat and to drink),
He'll know that his ways have been blest,
And he'll know that these gifts came from God.

14 All that God does lasts through ages;
So to them, you can add nothing more,
Nor can you take them away.
For, all that God has accomplished
Was done so we'd live before Him in fear.
15 And all that is, has already been…
Yes, it's all happened before,
And God searches to see which we've chosen.

16 I've also noticed that under the sun,
There's a place where the godless are judged
And a place where the righteous are judged.
17 So, in my heart I've concluded
That both the unrighteous and just will be judged.
Yes, there is a season for all,
And for every action, there is a right time.

18 I said in my heart what sons of men say…
That God views us as though we are cattle.
19 For man's outcome is the same as his herds…
As this one dies, so dies the other,
Since we all share the very same breath.

So, how are men better than cattle… they aren't,
And it is all just a joke!
20 For we all return to the very same place…
We come from the dust and return to the dust.
21 So, who knows if man's breath thereafter goes up,
Or if the breath of his cattle goes into the ground?

22 In all of this, I saw [little] that's good,
Except to find joy in the things that we do…
Yes, this is all we've been given.
For, who will lead us to see
The things that will happen after [we're gone]?

Chapter 4

1 Yes, I've turned and I've seen it all…
The extortions and other such things
That will happen to all under the sun.
I've seen power in the hands of extorters,
And I've seen the tears of the swindled…
Then, no one came to offer them comfort.

2 I've also praised the things of the dead;
For, more have died than have lived,
3 And the best of these two is the one not yet born…
The one who has not seen the evil
In what will be done under the sun.

4 I beheld all their efforts and acts of great courage…
Men's rivalries with their companions.
And I see that it all is just foolish…
It’s all a huge waste of breath.

5 The fool folds his hands… then he eats his own flesh.
6 But it's better to enjoy a handful in peace
Than to have twice as much in distress;
For, this is also a waste of good breath.

7 I turned and noticed man's foolish ways…
All that he's done under the sun.
8 For there are those who live all alone,
And who have had no dependents.
But, though they have no brothers or sons,
They deprive their lives of things that are good.
And indeed, this too is just folly…
It's just a distraction from evil.

9 Two are better than living alone,
For the efforts of two return a good wage…
10 If he stumbles, his partner will lift him.
But, woe to the one who stumbles and falls,
And has no partner to raise him.

11 When two share a bed, they'll be warm…
But one alone can’t keep himself warm.
12 And a person alone can be beaten,
While two make a better defense…
Yet, a three-corded rope is harder to break.

13 It's better to be a poor but wise child
Than a king who is foolish and old…
One who no longer listens [to council].
14 For he reigns within his own prison,
And in his own kingdom, has nothing.

15 I've gazed upon all of the living
(All who are walking under the sun),
And I see the next generation
That will soon become their replacements.

16 There's no limit to all of the people,
Or to those who have come before.
And since the last take no joy in the first;
This too is foolish and a waste of good breath.

Chapter 5

1 Watch your feet as you enter God's House
(Whenever you go there to listen),
And bring an offering that is better
Than the rest of the gifts of the foolish
Who are unaware of the evil that comes.

2 Don't let your mouths speak too quickly
Or let your hearts be too hasty
When making [a vow] in the presence of God.
For, God is up in the heavens,
And you are here on the earth;
So, let your words remain few.

3 As many [concerns] bring [bad] dreams;
Many words are heard from the voices of fools.
4 So, when you make a vow to [your] God,
Don't waste any time to repay it,
Since He doesn't like vows that are foolishly made.

So, whatever you vow, you should bring!
5 And it's best that you don't make a vow
Than to vow and then fail to pay it!

6 Don't let your mouth lead your flesh into sin,
And don't say too much in the presence of God.
[Do not say] stupid things,
And don't make Him angry with your words,
Or He'll bring destruction to the works of your hands.

7 So, though you may have many daydreams and follies,
Fear to say many words,
Whenever you stand before God.

8 If you see the needy extorted and robbed
By lawsuits or other legal actions;
Don't give this too much attention.
For, from above, the High One keeps watch…
He sees all that happens under [the sky].

9 And though the bounty of the land is for all,
Even a king needs his fields to be worked.

10 But for those who love silver, there's never enough,
And with plenty comes even more young…
And indeed, this too is just folly.
11 For, when you have many good things,
There will also be many to eat it.
So what value is there in getting much more,
When it's just to be seen by your eyes?

12 Sleep is always sweet to a slave,
Whether he has little or much…
But the rich never get enough sleep.

13 I've seen all this illness under the sun…
For, there are those who store up much treasure,
14 Which is thereafter lost in hard times.
So, wealth is just a distraction from bad.

When a man fathers a son,
The child arrives here with nothing at all.
15 Naked he comes from his mother's womb,
And when he dies, he leaves the same way…
With nothing to show for his efforts,
And nothing to carry back in his hands.
16 Indeed, this is illness that's evil;
For as he arrives is how he returns.
And what advantage has he gained from his efforts,
When they're [blown away] in the wind?

17 In darkness and mourning, men fill their days…
In anger, illness, and rage.
18 Yet, I've seen good in the things that we eat and drink,
And I've seen good come from man's efforts…
In the things he's accomplished under the sun,
And in the portion of life that God has allowed.

19 For, those who gain wealth and possessions from God,
Are allowed to own them and eat them,
Thus they reap the joy of their efforts…
And these are [the true] gifts from God!
20 So, though they'll forget most days of their lives,
God amuses them with the joy in their hearts.

Chapter 6

1 There is something bad that I have beheld,
Which is common to all under the sun.
2 It's when God gives him wealth, possessions, and glory,
And a man lacks nothing that his soul could desire…
Then he's not allowed time to [enjoy] it,
And thereafter, it’s given to strangers…
Yes, this is a sickness and folly.

3 If a man should live to a hundred
(No matter how long the days of his years),
And his life has never known good things;
Before he's buried, I'd say:
'It would have been better if he'd been miscarried.'
4 For from darkness he came, and in darkness he left,
And in darkness his name will be covered.

5 Indeed, he knew not the sun,
And none would know him from others.
6 And if he came back and lived thousands [of years],
But he still never saw any good;
Wouldn't things be just the same?

7 So, all men can do is just fill their mouths,
Since their lives never reach their fulfillment.
8 And what advantage have the wise over fools?
For, only the poor put just living first.

9 It's better to have a dream in your eyes
Than to see what will really happen in life;
So, all of that is just folly…
It's just a waste of good breath.

10 Whenever something new comes along,
It has already been named [in the past].
And though a man may know his own [strength],
He can't know when someone is stronger.

11 There's so much that makes foolishness grow,
12 And what does this mean for a man?
Who knows what will be the best in his life,
Or how many of his days will be foolish?
For his life is much like a shadow,
And who can report to a man
What under the sun will succeed him?

Chapter 7

1 A good name is better than oil,
And the day that you die is much greater
Than the day of your birth.

2 So it's better to go to a funeral
Than to spend time at a banquet… 
For that is the end of all men,
And it's good for all who are living
To take such good warnings to heart.

3 Indignant rage is better than laughter;
For a face that's been hurt creates a good heart.
4 So the hearts of the wise are at funerals,
While the hearts of fools [search for] pleasure.

5 It's better to hear the wise scold you
Than to hear the [praises] of fools.

6 As the [crackling] of tinder under the pot,
Is the sound of the laughter of fools;
For this is also just folly.

7 Extortion will drive the wise crazy;
For it destroys their heart's greatest plans.

8 The way that a matter turns out
Is [more important] than how it began.

It's better [for a man] to forgive
Than to have a high-minded spirit.

9 Do not get angry too quickly;
For rage rests in the bosoms of fools.

10 Don't ask why past days were better;
For in asking such things, there's no wisdom.

11 Wisdom brings plenty of good
To those who can still see the sun;
12 For, in its shadow is wisdom,
As well as the shadow of silver.

The advantage of those who know wisdom
Is that it gives life to those who can find it.

13 Behold the actions of God;
For, who can add to whatever He brings?

14 Enjoy the good life during good days,
For you know that bad days will come!

{Look!} Harmonious words, God sent through this man,
So people will need nothing more!

15 I've seen it all in my foolish days…
I've seen the righteous unjustly destroyed,
And the irreverent allowed to keep doing what’s bad.

16 Don't become super righteous or too discerning,
So you will not overwhelm others.
17 Nor should you be disrespectful,
Lest you harden and die before it's your time.

18 It's best to hang on to all that is good
And not to make your hands dirty;
For, everything comes to those who fear God.

19 Wisdom has much greater power
Than ten mighty men in a city.

20 There's no man on the earth who is righteous…
There are none who are good and free from all sins.

21 Don't keep all things that are said in your heart,
And don't notice when you're cursed by your servants.
22 For against you, they'll say wicked things,
And often they'll hurt you at heart…
Just as you've often cursed others.

23 All of these things, I’ve tested as wisdom;
But, though I may say that I understand,
It has really stayed too far from my grasp…
24 It's too high above me and too deep below;
So, who is able to find it?

25 To understand, I've searched my heart through…
I've looked it all over and sought what is wise.
I have reasoned and seen how the godless are fools,
And of how they're misled to do wrong.

26 I find her more bitter than death…
The woman with snares and nets in her heart,
And who creates slaves with her hands.
Only those who are found to be good before God
Will be delivered from her,
While those who sin will be captured.

27 'Look! This is what I have found,'
Says the great congregator.
'I've counted and carefully searched,
28 Seeking with my whole soul…
But I was unable to find,
A man in a thousand who's [righteous],
And none at all among women!

29 'Yet, this is the one thing I've found:
God deals with the man who is upright,
And He searches for ways to reward him.'

But, who knows who truly is wise,
And who comprehends the meanings of proverbs?

Chapter 8

1 Wisdom will make faces brighter,
While impudent faces are hated.

2 Watch the mouth of a king
Because of the oath that God swore!
3 Don't depart from his face in a hurry,
And don't go to him for wrong reasons.
For he'll do whatever he pleases;
4 And who can ask of the king:
'Why did you make [that decision]?'

5 Those who keep the Commandments don't think about bad;
And wise hearts discern right times and right ways.
6 For there's a time and a ruling for all;
And the knowledge of men ranges widely.
7 But, since no one knows what will happen,
Who can tell him the future?

8 No man controls [his own] spirit,
Nor is he able to keep it in check.
None can avoid the day of their deaths,
And none can avoid days of war…
Nor can the irreverent avoid what they're due.

9 I have now seen it all…
I've given my heart to all that's under sun… 
And all that a man is able to do,
Is just bring bad on himself.

10 I've seen the irreverent carried to tombs
From a place that is Holy.
Yet, they were praised in the city
For all the things they had done…
And this is also just folly.

11 When no one opposes the wicked,
Men's hearts feel safe in turning toward evil.
12 Yet, those who are guilty of sins,
Will just go on living their lives.

I know that good comes to those who fear God,
And before Him, all should be in fear.
13 For, good doesn't come to the godless,
And what they do doesn’t lengthen their days.
Rather, they are just shadows [that pass],
Since they've shown no fear before God.

14 There is even more folly that's done on the earth…
As when the righteous receive what the guilty deserve,
And the godless receive what the righteous deserve…
Yes, this is also just folly!

15 So, though I may sing their praises in joy,
There's nothing good that happens to men
Anywhere under the sun,
Other than eating, drinking, and pleasure…
Yes, that's all there is to man's efforts…
It's what he's been given by God
As [his portion] under the sun.

16 So I turned my heart to learn wisdom
And to overlook what's done on the earth.
For, both day and night, men sleep with [closed] eyes,
So they cannot see all that happens.

17 Then I started to observe the actions of God,
Which men under the sun haven't noticed.
For, despite all the efforts they put in their search,
They've been unable to find it.
And though the wise speak of knowledge,
They too are unable to find it.
But because I gave my heart to discernment;
These are the things that my heart came to see.

Chapter 9

1 The deeds of the righteous and wise
Are in the hands of our God.
Yet, with all of their loves and dislikes,
Man cannot comprehend it…
2 For, foolish are the ways of all men!

There are things that happen to the righteous,
And there are things that happen to the godless…
And to either can come good or bad.

There are both the clean and unclean;
There are those who bring sacrifices,
And there are those who offer God nothing.
Yet, the same things [happen to] both…
To the good as well as the sinners…
To those who choose to swear oaths,
And to those who fear to swear oaths.
3 In all of this, there is evil
In what is done under the sun…
For the same things happen to both.

Indeed; the sons of men's hearts are filled what's bad,
As well as madness throughout their whole lives…
And then they go to the grave.

4 But, for the living, there is still hope,
Since a living dog is much greater
Than a lion that's died.
5 For the living know that they'll die,
While the dead know nothing at all,
Nor do they have a reward,
Since the memory of them is forgotten.

6 Their loves and dislikes are both gone,
And their zeal has already perished.
Then, through the age they'll not be involved
In whatever is done under the sun.

7 So, eat your bread in contentment,
And drink to your heart with fine wines…
And God will think well of your actions.

8 May your clothes always be white,
And may there be plenty of oil for your head.

9 Share what you have with the woman you've loved
All the days of your wasted life.
For, this is all that you'll get under the sun,
Since the days of your life are a folly…
Yes, this is the sum of your life
For all of your efforts under the sun.

10 So, whatever your hands find to do,
Do it with all of your power!
For there's no doing, thinking, wisdom, or knowledge
In the place of the dead where you're going.

11 I turned and I saw that under the sun,
The race isn't won by those fleet of foot,
Nor are battles all won by the mighty.
The wise aren't always those who eat bread;
The discerning aren't always the rich;
Nor are those with knowledge shown favor.

Yet, there's a time and a meeting for all,
12 And no one knows when this time will arrive.
As fish being caught in a net,
And as birds being trapped in a snare;
The sons of men are caught swiftly
In a bad time that arrives all too quickly.

13 I've beheld all this wisdom under sun,
And it rests heavily upon me.

14 If a city is small with just a few men,
And a mighty king comes to attack it,
Building high siege mounds around it;
15 And if a wise man who's poor can be found there,
Whose wisdom results in saving that town;
All will forget that he had been poor.

16 So, this is what I can tell you:
'Wisdom is better than power.'
But the wisdom of the poor is treated with contempt,
And none pay attention to their words.
17 Yet, the words of the wise who have nothing
Should be heeded over words of the foolish
Who may have been given the power,
18 Since wisdom is better than weapons of war,
And a single error can destroy all that’s good.

Chapter 10

1 As a dead fly can spoil a good ointment;
A little folly can conquer great wisdom.

2 The hearts of the wise are at their right hands,
But the hearts of fools stay on their left.
3 So, whichever way a fool chooses to go;
In his heart, he’s sure that he'll fail,
Since he thinks that he cannot succeed.

4 If the spirit of a ruler flares against you,
Don't turn away from your place;
For, [patience] will heal all great sins.

5 I've observed a wickedness under the sun…
It's when a ruler does something in haste,
6 And puts a fool over something important,
While those who've proven their worth are put low… 
7 I've seen slaves who are riding on horses,
And princes who are walking like slaves on the ground.

8 The one who is digging a cesspool
Is also the one who'll fall in it;
And those who move boundary markers,
Will find themselves bitten by snakes.

9 Quarry workers may be harmed by the rocks,
And those who split logs are in danger.

10 If the axe isn't sharp, you'll work harder;
So, doing what's wise paves the way to success.

11 If a snake-charmer whispers and his serpent still bites;
All of his charming is worthless.

12 Words from a wise mouth bring favor;
But, foolish lips tear it down.
13 And if foolish words are spoken at the start;
It will end in what's wicked and crazy.

14 Since the fool often speaks many words
(Though he doesn't really know what will happen,
Or what will soon come to be);
Who will walk behind and announce him?

15 The efforts of fools bring them trouble…
For they don't know the right ways to enter a town.

16 Woe to you, O great city,
Where your king is just a young [man],
And your princes eat meals in the mornings.
17 Rather, blest is the land
Where the king has been born of nobles,
And whose princes eat at the right times.
For, what they eat makes them strong,
So they will never be shamed.

18 By sloth and neglect a home [falls apart],
And with idle hands, [its roof] starts to leak.

19 Bread, wine, and oil are made to cause laughter,
And to bring joy to the living…
But they must also be [paid for].

20 Never curse a king in your mind,
Nor curse the rich in your bedrooms or closets;
For your words will be carried by birds in the skies,
And those with wings will report what you've said.

Chapter 11

1 Scatter your [seeds] on the water,
And after some time, you will find them.
2 Yes, share what you have with seven or eight,
Since you don't know what bad may come to the land.

3 If the clouds become filled, they'll send rain to the ground.
And if a tree falls toward the north of the south,
Wherever it falls, it will stay.
4 So, those who look to the wind may not plant,
And those who look to the clouds may not reap.
5 For, attempting to know which way the wind blows,
Is like knowing the bones in the womb of a mother…
You don't know the actions of God,
Or any of the things He will do.

6 So, start your planting in the morning,
And don't stay your hand 'til the evening;
For you never know what will grow over here,
Or what will grow best over there…
Or if the two will grow well together.

7 Daylight is sweet and it's good for the eyes
To be able to see by the sun.
8 But, though a man's years may bring him much joy,
He'll also know many dark days…
And all that will come is just folly.

9 Take joy, young man, in your youth;
And may your heart do good while you're young.
May your heart walk in ways that are pure,
Not in the ways that you see with your eyes…
For, know that this leads to God's judgment.

10 So, remove all the rage from your heart,
And all the wicked ways from your flesh;
For, youth's thoughtless ways are all folly!

Chapter 12

1 Remember your Creator in the days of your youth;
For, bad days will come [all too soon],
And the years will arrive when you'll say,
'I never wanted [to see] them!'

2 [It's a time when] the sun becomes dark,
And you'll not see the light of the moon or the stars,
Or the clouds passing by after rain.

3 It's a day when the watchman starts to tremble…
When the powerful man is bent double,
And the grinders cease because they are few.

Then, women will stare from their windows at darkness,
4 And they will lock all their doors
In fear of the sounds of those grinding in the market.

Then the sound of a sparrow will wake you;
And the daughters of song will be humbled.
5 From above, you'll look down and see
Frightening things on the road.

Then, at the time when almonds should bloom,
The locusts will grow to be many,
And capers will drop on the ground…
For, you'll have gone to your home of the ages.

Then people will circle the market,
Beating their chests in mourning for you.
6 For the silver cord has been severed;
The gold decoration is broken;
The bucket at the well has been shattered;
And the wheel has rolled into the pit.

7 For, that which is dust went back to the ground
From which it once had been taken;
And the breath has also returned
To the God from whom it was given.

8 'Oh how silly and foolish,'
Says the great congregator.
9 Yet to him, came even more wisdom,
And he taught all his knowledge to men…
He traced it all out and composed it as proverbs.

10 The great congregator searched for the words,
And he wrote them as right ways of truth…
11 As words to the wise and as ox goads…
As nails that are hammered in tight.
They're agreeable things from a shepherd;
12 So, carefully guard them, my son!

For, many scrolls have been written
(Yes, to them, there's no end),
And spending much time thinking about them
Is just a weariness to the flesh.

13 But listen, for this is what I've concluded:
Fear God and keep His Commandments…
This is all that there is for a man!
14 The rest just leads to judgment by God,
Who decides whether we have been bad or good.

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