Christians, Jews, Moslems,
and the Bible


* The Roots of Judaism

* The Roots of Islam

* The Roots of Christianity

In this terrible time of hatred and war between the world’s most predominant religions, it is easy to forget that all three have common roots.

What are these roots? They all start with God’s promise to the faithful man Abram (AbraHam). For (at Genesis 12:1-3) God said this to him: ‘Leave this land, your family, and your father’s home and go to a land that I'm going to show you, because I’m going to make a great nation of you. I will praise you, make your name famous, and you will be blest. I will bless those who praise you and curse those who curse you. All nations will be blest because of you.’

Then at Genesis 17:4, 5, it is recorded that God said: ‘Look, I am making a Sacred Agreement with you. You will be the father of many nations. Your name will no longer be called Abram… it will be AbraHam, for I have made you the father of many nations. I will make you grow tremendously. I will make nations come from you, and kings will descend from you.

What are the ‘many nations’ that descended from AbraHam? They are the nation of IsraEl (the ‘Jews’) and the many ‘Arabic’ nations who also descended from AbraHam, and/or IsaAc, and/or Jacob. In addition, the Bible includes those who claim the God of IsraEl as their God (the ‘Christians’) as adopted sons of AbraHam. So, those who follow Judaism, Christianity, and many among the religion of Islam can claim to be descendants of AbraHam and worshipers of his God, Jehovah.

The Roots of Judaism

Probably one of the hardest things for people who claim Christianity as their belief to understand, is that Jesus was first and foremost a Rabbi (teacher) of the Law of Moses (see Matthew 5:17-19). For, as a person who was born under the Law of Moses, he had to obey that Law strictly in order to become the Christ, Messiah, Anointed, or Promised One, and he had to worship the God of IsraEl, whose name was likely then pronounced Ya/h’/weh (Jehovah in English). And even after Jesus was put to death, the primary responsibility of all the Apostles was to offer the hope of ‘age-long life’ to the IsraElites. Of course, most of these who were living in Palestine at the time were from the tribes of Judah and BenJamin… they're the ones whom we call in English, ‘the Jews.’ In fact, even when Peter, Paul, Timothy, etc., went to preach in non-Jewish cities, they always started their preaching in Jewish synagogues (not among those whom they called ‘the gentiles’ or ‘the ethnics’). So to begin with (from 33 to 60 C.E.), Christianity was first and foremost a Jewish religion.

The Roots of Islam

The other connection that most people – Christians and Moslems (or Muslims) alike – simply wish to ignore, is the common beliefs that are shared between Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. Since many so-called ‘Arab’ peoples are descended from the ancient ten-tribe kingdom of IsraEl and/or from AbraHam, it isn’t surprising that the religion of Islam teaches many of the same things as do Christianity and Judaism… and they also consider Moses, as well as Jesus and many others mentioned in the Bible, to be great Prophets. So you'll find that the first portions of the Bible are quite similar to parts of the holy book of Islam – the Koran.

The other (and most controversial) link between all these religions is the connection between Islam and those who were called the Samaritans in Jesus’ time. While Islam claims its roots from the teachings of their Prophet Mohammed; the teachings of their religion actually go back several hundred years before Mohammed’s birth. For example, notice the marked similarity between the beliefs of the Samaritan woman whom Jesus met at the well in Sychar (which had once belonged to Jacob). For we read at John 4:12: ‘You aren’t greater than our ancestor Jacob who gave us this well and who drank from it with his sons and cattle, are you?’ Then again at John 4:20, where she said, ‘Our ancestors worshiped here on this mountain, but you people say that JeruSalem is where people ought to worship.’

So notice that the Samaritains (like many of Islam) claimed to be descendants of Jacob (or IsraEl), and they still hold places associated with Moses and AbraHam (such as the Temple mount in in JeruSalem) as sacred.

Then notice what we were told at John 4:39-41: ‘Now, many of the Samaritans from that city put faith in [Jesus] because of what the woman testified to … and … many more believed [in him] because of the things he said.’ So it isn’t surprising that the Koran also speaks of Jesus as a great Prophet. For more information on Islam, see the linked contributed article, ‘Allah the Moon God.’

For more information on ties between IsraEl and Islam, see the Note, ‘The Lost Ten Tribes.’

The Roots of Christianity

The name ‘Christians’ (which means, a follower of 'the Christ' or 'the Anointed One') was something that the people of Antioch in Asia Minor started calling Jesus' followers around the middle of the First Century BCE, as Acts 11:26 tells us. Yet, while many today think that it truly was a new religion with new teachings, it wasn’t anything new to the Jews of Jesus’ day. Rather, most (including all the Jewish Christians) considered it just a continuation of the same worship of the Jewish God, Jehovah. However, unlike the orthodox Jews, most Christians came to understand that they were no longer under the Law of Moses, but that they had a New Sacred Agreement with God that was inaugurated by the death of Jesus. We say 'most Christians,' because the thought of departing from the traditions of the Old Law wasn't easily accepted by those who lived in JeruSalem before its destruction in 60-CE, and many Christians today still teach it as a way of life.

Also, it's a fact that many 'Gentile' Christians may not only be adopted sons of AbraHam, but literal sons as well. For due to the wide dispersion of the ten-tribe kingdom of IsraEl by the Assyrians in 740-BCE, the dispersion of the Jews in 607-BCE by the Babylonians, the dispersion by the Romans in 70-CE, and due to the thousands of conversions to Christianity and intermarriages ever since; many of us could be actual descendants of AbraHam, and possibly even actual descendants of Jacob and Judah. So the roots of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and their peoples are far more common and interlinked than any of us could imagine.

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